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Mark P

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About Mark P

  • Birthday 09/08/1960

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  • Gender
  • Location
    Rutland, England
  • Interests
    Sailing ship models, scratch built. History, art, architecture, cultural.

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  1. Hi Michael; Jim Lad is right. Many ropes for the running rigging lead through blocks under the top, then down the inside of the shrouds, often passing through a 'shroud truck', (I think it is called) which is a wooden tube lashed to the shrouds to contain the rope and give a fair lead to the belaying point. For top & topgallant sails, some of the ropes belay to a cleat which is lashed to the inside of a topmast shroud. All the best, Mark P
  2. Hi everyone; I have looked at the plan of the orlop for 'Tremendous', a 74 launched in 1784, and the scuttles are close to the bulkheads, which would allow access to a ladder fixed to the bulkhead. Bearing in mind that the depth in hold is 20 feet, they would certainly have needed a means of climbing down. The inboard works does not show any ladders here, so maybe the 'Iron Stair Case' does refer to a means of getting down into the storage rooms in the hold. All the best, Mark P
  3. One further thought: Could this refer to large iron staples set horizontally into the bulkheads of the storage rooms in the hold, adjacent to the scuttles, to allow men to climb down into the store. I'm thinking of the Bread Room, Fish Room, Steward's Room, & Spiritous Liquors Room (and please, don't anyone suggest it might be the magazine ) Similar to the steps set into manholes to allow men to climb down inside them. I will look at some deck plans to see if this might work. All the best, Mark P
  4. Hi Druxey; Handwritten it is; but completely clear, see below. I have also just noticed that the contract for 'Bombay Castle', dated 1779 (the contract for 'Ganges/Culloden' above is dated 1778) contains exactly the same wording. Interestingly, the one for 'Ganges/Culloden' is in 3 different hands, whereas the one for 'Bombay Castle' is all in one hand. It also occurs in the contracts for 'Culloden' of 1770, and 'Bellerophon' of 1782. Ganges Bombay Castle Culloden, contract 1770 Bellerophon, contract 1782 It might be a standard insertion, but it must have an origin somewhere. All the best, Mark P
  5. Hi Mark; Thank you for the reply. The contract is indeed of a pretty standard format, but I've never seen this before. All the best, Mark P
  6. Unusual ship models

    Hi Frankie; Thanks for the postings. The hot-rod ship is something that someone, somewhere might just have built, and would be great to see. I just love the fishmarine though! What a great idea that is. Someone with a real sense of humour made this, I think. Where did you see it? All the best, Mark P
  7. Greetings everyone; I am transcribing the contract for HMS Ganges, a 74 gun ship, dated from 1780 (it might be for HMS Culloden, 1782) and I have come across a puzzling entry: Under the heading 'Ladders & Gratings', it says: 'To make all Ladders, Gratings, Hatches, Gangways, Iron Stair Cases, & to fix all necessary Rowls, Stantions, Blocks, Ranges & Kevels as shall be necessary.' Does anyone have any idea where an iron stair case would be fitted in a 74? I have never seen mention of any such thing in any book or document. An iron stair case would be much more expensive to make than would a wooden one, so if this entry is correct, it must have been an important function which it filled, and would not be used where a wooden one could be fitted. Any thoughts on this would be welcome, as I'm completely stumped. All the best, Mark P
  8. Hi Tim; There was an official 'establishment' for the issue of tables to Royal Navy vessels. They were issued by the dockyard. I cannot remember where I saw it, though. Don't recall anything about chairs. Sea chests probably filled the duty much of the time, especially in the gun-room, and for at least some of the ward-rooms' inhabitants. I remember also seeing pictures of part of a table recovered from a ship-wreck, but again, I am afraid I cannot remember much else about it. All the best, Mark P
  9. Greetings everyone; Thank you to Alcedo for such an informative post, and especial thanks if you are the same person who compiled the spreadsheet linked to it. A lot of work went into this, and it is very kind and generous of you to make it available online. The National Archives at Kew have an original copy of one of these sheets, which I have photographed previously in sections. However, the very bottom has been cut off, removing the date and place of publication and publisher's details. From the detailed information given in the site linked to Alcedo's post, it is clear that it is one of the middle publication series, as it refers to the data as 'according to the last establishment'. It can be dated also by the fact that it describes two items relating to armament of vessels: that the Victory has 32 pdrs on her lower deck (according to Winfield this occurred only between mid 1778-mid 1779 [and after 1805 but this can be ignored here] )and that the Valiant & Triumph only have 24pdrs on their upper decks. As both Valiant and Triumph had been refitted with 18pdrs by 1787 (Winfield) it would seem reasonable to assume that this sheet is a complete re-print of the earlier version with the title altered. EDIT - just noticed that this is stated in the info given in Alcedo's post. Thank you Alcedo for giving me the means to know what it is that my photographs are of. All the best, Mark P
  10. "Made Mast" Diameter

    Hi Michael; One thing which may be of help to you with masts, depending upon what ship you are making: The NMM have some quite detailed drawings in their plans archive, showing how masts were made, all drawn to scale with many sections. These start to appear in the early 1780s, when the supply of 'New England' masts made from single trees was disrupted by American independence. These cover a range of ship types, though all Royal Navy. All the best, Mark P
  11. Ship paintings

    Hi Jim; If I was at an exhibition of local artists' work, and saw your paintings, I would have to buy at least one to take home with me, and preferably more. The only limit would be budget! Lovely atmosphere in your work. Keep on picking up that brush! All the best, Mark P
  12. How to handle fresh wood?

    Hi Heinrich; Jaager is completely right in all he says. To answer your question, cut it as soon as possible; it dries more quickly and the smaller thickness is able to release the stresses much more easily. Left as a round section of trunk it will quickly split up at least one side. Cut the planks thicker than the finish size you want. There is always some degree of twisting etc. Season it somewhere with a roof to keep the rain off, but which allows the wind to blow through. All the best, Mark P
  13. Hi Lou & Pete; Reading 'The Cruel Sea' made me very glad that I was not around at the time. Hats off and all praise to those who served, including the merchant ships' crews. I have seen some pretty detailed drawings and sections through galley stoves, and the only thing that was normally found inside the chimney was a horizontal fan, which was turned by the rising heat. The rotation of this fan was then used to power the rotating spit. If my memory is not betraying me, this was a feature of the Brodie Stove, which came into use around 1780 (I think) Prior to that, the chimney was just a tube. All the best, Mark P
  14. Hi Pete; That seems logical enough. Many of the inboard works draughts, or sheer draughts which show inboard works, also show the stove in some detail. All the best, Mark P
  15. Evening Allan; I have more photos of Captain. See the album in the contemporary models in Museums section here. If you would like any of them let me know, and I can pop them on a disk for you and send it off across the pond. I am not sure what photos the Science Museum have. I have seen some of their plans, and Captain was not among them. They do have good contemporary plans, showing the figurehead, inboard works and decoration, of the Deptford 1719, Exeter (Date?) Strafford 1714, & Winchester 1717 which I think were 50 gun ships, although not certain on this. I imagine that these were built to the 1706 establishment. All the best, Mark P