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Javier Baron

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About Javier Baron

  • Birthday 02/28/1948

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    Madrid - Spain

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  1. Javier Baron

    Coble of Yorkshire

    The coble is a boat that during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was characteristic of the English coasts of the northeast. It was used, both in rowing and sailing, for fishing, piloting and also, sometimes, as a pleasure boat and for bargaining. It was designed to be launched and picked up with the stern facing the shore even with great waves and strong breakers, and could sail long distances in the open sea. He wore very well, and in the hands of experienced crew was very capable of surviving a gale. Its clinker hull presents a very complex and curious shape, with flat bottom and high boards, with a curved slightly thrown stem and a keel that only reaches half the length of the boat, with two two side keels that come from said half. until the stern, which has the shape of a horseshoe and inclines at an angle of 45º. The flat bottom and the aforementioned side keels facilitate their beaching on shallow sandy beaches; an advantage in the coasts where it operated, in which the wide bays and inlets offered little shelter against the stormy weather. The design contains reminiscences of Nordic influence, although for the most part it shows a Dutch origin. The local carpenters built the cobles without the use of planes, getting a robust and resistant boats. Although the cobles had the reputation of being dangerous to sail with an inexperienced crew, in experienced hands they could move safely and quickly.
  2. Javier Baron


    Thank you for your comments. The plans that I use for the boats in my collection have very different origins. In the best and least frequent of cases I use complete and detailed plans of commercial kits. More often I use plans of forms with the water lines and sections that I obtain in different books (for example, those of Howard I. Chapelle, those of Sergio Bellabarba and eduardo Guerreri or those of Basil Greenhill or many others ...) and also, in some cases, through the internet. For the details of roofing and rigging, in case they do not appear on the plans, I document in additional sources, such as photographs or drawings, other existing models of both private collectors and naval museums, etc ... I do not know how you could solve the theme of the schooner that you want to do without having the basic plane of forms. In some cases, but for small boats, I used pictures to deduce the shapes of the hull, also applying the analogy with other similar boats.
  3. Javier Baron


    This Sicilian boat originally from the province of Trapania was mainly used for small local product transportation such as wine, salt, vegetables, fish, sulfur, and construction materials. During the XIX century and the beginning of the XX century it operated in Sicilian, Calabresas and Pugliesas coasts. Apart from cargo duties this boat was also used in fishing labors. The model reproduces a three mast schifazzo as was drawn by Fragata Capitan P.A. Hennique in his book “Les caboteurs et pêcheurs de la còte de Tunisie” published in 1888. This vessel is characterized by having a foremast located far at bow, which the sail maneuver upon a pulley situated in the outrigger, as is also singular that its lateen yard´s halyard drops towards the mast´s stern, thus complicating the change of the bulwark rail. The mainsail presented a cut of its bow end which transformed it into a bastard. The mainmast assembled in its upper end a pulley that hoisted a topsail volante to increase the surface of the rig with tail wind.
  4. Javier Baron


    At half height of the mast there is a block with a line that collects the central part of the sail and pulls it up, allowing the pilot to see below it. The block and that maneuver are called in Portuguese espiadoiro, which means spy post
  5. Javier Baron


    It is a Portuguese river boat, destined to transport Oporto wines, and today it has become a tourist attraction in the city of Porto, where you can continue to see sailing on the Douro River. I attach some old and recent photos of rabelos.
  6. Javier Baron


    The rabelo is a Portuguese vessel typically from the Duero, that traditionally transported Oporto wine barrels from the Alto Douro where the vineyards where located up to Vila Nova de Gaia, Oporto, where the wine was stored and commercialized. As a river boat, the rabelo had a flat bottom without keel, with length between 19 and 23 meters and beam of 4.5 meters. Made by clinker, it fitted a square sail and had a crew of six or seven men. It used a large oar at stern-espadilla- for its governing that took place from an elevated platform both as much for making easier its handling as to having view towards its bow when it was filled with barrels. In occasions, when it was necessary, the boats where towed from tow rope paths by men or by groups of oxen. The implementation of the Duero railway in 1887 and further development of communication ways during the first half of the XX century lead to the decline of river navigation by the rabelos, to the extent that in 1961, initiating the hydro electrical benefit program of Duero, there were only six boats of them left in permanent activity. Nowadays, the rabelo has become a tourist attraction and in Oporto there is a whole fleet of them dedicated to give rides by the river to visitants.
  7. Javier Baron


    Congratulations, the planking work you have done is first class, I love it. Javier
  8. Thank you very much, Dubz, for your comment. I already knew your work at 1:72 scale, which gives me a very high quality. In fact, I have used it frequently as a guide in the construction of my miniature, which is at a scale of 1: 150. A cordial greeting, Javier
  9. Javier Baron


    Thanks for you comment, BETAQDAVE. You are right about the scale. Actually, I think that in my miniature models almost nothing is rigorously to scale, except the general dimensions (length, width, height ...) of the hull and the masts. The rest, and especially the small pieces, keep a proportion that does not bother me at sight and be harmonious with the model. That way of working is called a sensitive scale, and it seems to me an appropriate denimination.
  10. The “Maria” was a fishing vessel from Finkenwerder, an island from the Elba in Hamburg, which had an active life during seventy years before finding its last pier in the hall of Naval Construction of the Deutsches Museum in Munich. The history of “Maria” starts in 1880, an era characterized for launching great fishing sailboats, and leads all the way up to the second postwar. The record of this unusual long time at sea and the recollection of episodes of life aboard the “Maria” give as a result a vivid presentation of deep sea fishing from Finkenwerder. Originally built according to the characteristics of a traditional wooden ship and rigged as a sailboat, the “Maria” adapted to the changing times and its reflection in the fishing world due to the industrialization. Finkenwerder offered few means of making a living. The majority of the population lived of fishing that was still practiced in the Elba since before 1815 although under strict rules for the protection of the fish populations. Its boats were of flat bottom, Pfahlewer with angled hulls assembled with one mast and a driftnet that extended for a longitude of about 10 meters that resulted difficult to handle for which the Fischewer fishing boats went onto adopt the first mechanical winches for technical support. Around 1850 the fisheries were experimenting a big boom due to the population growth. In train, fish could be taken in a cheap and fast way to the interior of the country. Also an increasing number of steam boats, which steam engines allowed them to have a bigger traction power could use very wide bottom trawling nets with trawl doors, which meant more productive captures. As a result of this fishing intensification, initial areas of fish populations decreased so much that the vessels had to move to new fishing areas, farther apart in their majority, a disadvantage for the ewer that sailed. This journey to other fishing grounds that existed at high sea represented for these vessels of fluvial origins a high price to pay: in a few years ten ewer with registration HF (Hamburg-Finkenwerder) got lost at sea. It’s in this transitional period when the ewer “Maria” is made, thus presenting a few modifications that were made during its construction to try to make a better adaptation to the new conditions of the environment in which was designed to operate. The first one was the assembly of a fixed keel along its flat bottom to improve the drift. It also anticipated lateral folding luffs even though it’s not sure that they finally got to be assembled, as so an iron keel luff, so that in its origin the boat had an openness in the bottom as well as the box to receive the luff in mid ship gangway. The navigation conditions of the ewer “Maria” were also affected by the existence of an on board hatchery communicated with the sea in which the captures were preserved live, and was accessible through a big hatch. This disposition was dangerous since if it wasn’t properly closed incoming water could penetrate on board. As a safety measure around 1905 the hatches were reduced and the hatchery was adapted. Later on in the 1957 restoration made for its incorporation to the funds of the Deutsche Museum had the width of the hatch reestablished to its original state. The change of navigational conditions and fishing techniques also required the adaptation of the rig, that at the time of the construction of the “Maria” evolved towards the classical equipment of a queche, after increasing the number of sails from just one initial sail of the fluvial Pfahlewer and the following three of the Giekewer until reaching the dotation of the 5 or 6 of the Besanewer that already fit two masts. The “Maria” ewer built in 1880, was 70 years in service and became one of the most durable vessels of its kind. In 1950 it was removed of its duty and abandoned went on to deteriorate buried in the mud until in 1957 it was acquired by the Deutsche Museum of Munich in which after a careful restoration can be contemplated nowadays.
  11. Placed the sails, the hoggie is finished. It's an ugly boat, but I find it nice. Javier
  12. Javier Baron


    Thanks a lot, BETAQDAVE, for your comment. The observation you make seems very accurate. I enclose some photographs of boats with cabin and tiller, although there are also very frequent boats with wheel rudder in the cabin. I think that, possibly, those that maintain the tiller were initially sailboats that have been subsequently motorized. Greetings, Javier
  13. Javier Baron


    Thanks, Michael. The scale is 1:24

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