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About jud

  • Birthday 08/27/1942

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  • Location
    Lexington, Oregon
  • Interests
    If it is old, I have an interest, have done enough different things to appreciate most.

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  1. The sketch shows a Windless using pawls. The drum turns and the pawls when the drum rotates ride up a tooth and drops to take the load from the next tooth if turning is interrupted, other than a up down motion, the pawl is stationary on it's pivot point. A ratchet moves around a toothed gear attached to a windless drum, the ratchet allowed for continuous rotation by setting them up as gangs. Windless and such were used to put a strain on a line and hold it while it was bent to, or fished to a hold fast, we used stoppers on mooring lines to hold the tension achieved by using the Capstan, the line then could be removed from the drum and made up. A wooden windless using handles to rotate the drum might be used to break an anchor from the bottom but the lifting was probably done using ganged tackle. A capstan where continuous rotation could be applied, was used to lift the heavier anchors, to avoid damaging the cable, another line was used on the capstan which was fished to the cable and the lift was done in separate pulls. Remember that a man can lift and push more than he can pull using his weight, so the lines on the windless would have been placed on the drum so the seamen were lifting to take the strain and the pawls could take that strain by blocking reverse rotation, also safer if the pawl failed, wouldn't be tossed over the bows, the levers would stop the rotation and hold the tension when they reached the deck. Most models have the windless rigged backwards and the anchor cable left turned around the drums. Suspect that the early windless were used in the rigging more than, if ever, used on the anchor. Stoppers are used to hold the strain while the main line is secured, they should be seen on models.
  2. jud

    Ship paintings

    One seldom thinks about Hay, but within all industrial City's or Port's that become crowded populate centers, Hay is the fuel that kept the Draft Animals working. Without that hay the citizens would need to move back into a rural setting, industry at a large scale would have disappear, replaced by the local Black Smith, Millers, Harness Makers and a few others there to support the rural needs, there would have been few laborers because the majority would be working on small holdings to feed themselves and selling only in small units. Hay is what fed and supported early industry. Like your work, surprising how that work reveals History seldom considered, is that your unspoken intent or is it one heck of a good accident. Looking forward to your next offering.
  3. Set up some pulley's like the small ones to the left of this machine. I once had a job cutting wire for a electronics fabrication shop using a machine set up like this one except the chain making addition and it was much smaller, the wire I was cutting with the insulation trimmed was caught in a tray. The machine I used had 7 straightening rollers, and only one set of feed rollers where this machine has 2 sets. 2 that are easy to adjust and 3 adjustable only occasionally, it worked well straitening copper wire. Might be worth the fabrication time, don't need to be complicated, you could pull your wire through the rollers by hand.
  4. Makes one wonder if the plans are correct, suspect there is some artistic liberty being taken there someplace. A problem with modern man depicting what they think is true historical methods and practices. A Drawing, Painting or Model is interpreted as the creator see's in their mind, most having never experienced the condition and their vision becomes the accepted norm, even when logic and those with experience say nay, it is difficult to change minds of those with no hands on experience, they hold to the comfort of what they believed was fact, understandable, a human defense mechanism. I do see a lot of thought and effort on this site to depict true reproduction of what was, much research, thought and discussion go into many models in that effort to represent fact and progress is being made across the whole spectrum. Plain Table Platform over the Tiller of the Endeavor is a recent interpretation of a builder that has applied much thought and research to arrive at a logical use for such a crossover, changing an unrealistic abomination into a useful addition for Cook to use his Plane Table and Adelaide from, tools he was known to have and use for chart making, logical, but suspect it will be a hard sell because of the acceptance and entrenchment of the common crossover abomination.
  5. A ship with any deck opening in a weather deck without combings might go to sea for trials, combings would be at the top of the list for addition upon the return to the shipyard to correct shortcomings. Deck openings all, regardless of use need to have provisions to prevent flowing water from going below, hence combings. As important, all deck openings need to have a method to be sealed against water inundating the lower decks from Storm or Sea. That means that hatch combings will have a method of being covered and sealed. That typically means clips, battens and wedges to hold the covers in place. Something modern man seems to have forgotten, seldom displayed in models and reproductions, but the actions of Storm and Sea is little changed over the years. Tiny details for models, overlooked for reproductions until flooding begins. Can overlook Batten Down Clips on combings for models unless the scale would require them to be in place, a deck opening without a combing is against all the experience of Seamen and spells 'wrong', when they see it.
  6. jud

    Foul Weather Tarps

    Thought fire buckets initially, after some reflection of the location, I began to think they held sand to be used on the deck when the Capstan was rigged and in use. Speculation based on location and they are not painted red, as fire equipment usually is.
  7. jud

    Foul Weather Tarps

    Hammock covers I believe are shown on the photos. Awnings would be rigged clear across the deck where used, all I have seen were dressed up with Fancy Work and were a well bleached white. Occasionally during Monsoon Season we would rig tarps, feel free to use this as an example. Anyone notice the jug and cups, needed to stay hydrated even in the Monsoon season, this was the ready gun maned 24/7s with a short 4 man crew, sometimes we would fill that jug twice during a 4 hour watch, cups were plastic, everyone had their own, Mount 46, Harnett County LST 821, TF 116, TU 76.8.3, RVN, 1967 or 1968. Corner of gun cover tied to the flag pole and some ram rods holding it up so it would drain. We could get some shelter there when it was raining buckets. Ammo on the deck, we used it.
  8. jud

    Ship paintings

    South of Boardman, Oregon the Navy has a Bombing Range that started out as a WW 2 US Army Air Force bombing Range, still is in active use. In 64 I was running a John Deere 95 Combine like the one in the photo and in similar country on top and on the East side of Rock Creek. Navy often used to fly over as in your above painting and the pilots loved to buzz you. Usually could detect them and enjoy the flyover except for the one that caught me with my rear to the West on the crown of a hill he was skimming, set a record shutting down a 95 H when his shadow and engine noise struck at the same time, high heart rate for about 30 minutes. Think it was that shadow along with the sound that triggered that reaction, the shadow had not went over me during previous flyovers.
  9. The Heaving Line I made hanging on my wall alongside my Privateer Rattlesnake print has a dog chewy ball in it, smaller than a tennis ball but heavier and the Heaving line could be used. Have several hanging on drape pull extensions that I used glass marbles inside the cotton braided line that I saturated with white glue as the last step on the ball, made nice pulls and can be cleaned. Since you are not intending to be throwing it where line handlers are, any ball, from firm to hard should be fine. Your idea of the wood balls is good, gaps in the rope can be handled several ways and with a wood core should be easy to incorporate a hidden screw or bolt for a fastener. Choose line that leaves no gaps with the normal 4 turns or go with more turns, have one around here someplace that uses nine, trial and error was the recipe I used too arrive at that number. Monkey fists are handy for many things, I prefer cotton line, well soaked in white glue to seal and harden them when used for pulls.
  10. Black and White photos never depict the true Flash from large guns, Thought this did a good job and it's kind of pretty. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=2219270511491795&set=gm.1970108069964847&type=3&eid=ARCQmbfZXMp_fP50ewUEhHzGLnpKTgwlCZz0UTECezAXb4Z5Gqzig_LBzDH5W_M-_6FqHEpYxihofxvb&ifg=1
  11. What a good find. Preservation and drying her out will be interesting and probably done over years, luckily she is not the first, knowledge and experience in preserving other should benefit her.
  12. Fully agree. I would expect to see a lot of small stuff being used around these guns when stowed for sea, regardless if the guns were inboard or protruding out a port with the doors open or a half port. Even in the 60's Navy, I found Small Stuff very handy to keep around, never was a problem cutting it loose to get out of the way. I would expect the Gun Tackle to be made up and held up off the deck using small stuff after flaking, coiling or just routed around gun and carriage to git it up and off the deck. Most carried knives just as it used to be, those topside when I was in the Navy carried knives, I carried 2, pocket knife in my pocket, a Stockman type and a Case or Buck on my belt in a leather case, in RVN I carried a Buck Sheath knife on my belt. can see it in the photo.
  13. 542 class LST working from imported photos, sized from known dimensions. Trial and error around curves then tested in another program. General Cad 10 and Traverse PC, software I used in surveying for comps and drafting. Have used 2D programs to obtain 3D coordinates by shifting x and y coordinated to different planes. Slow method and my computer lost the hard drive, just back up and running.
  14. Your model, your choice no complaint about that. For those who have had to tame a runaway mass, they look for practicability in all rigging and securing items for sea, nothing gets loose in calm seas or in the daylight.

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