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I found on facebook a photo album of a beautiful Portuguese fishing boats at the 1:16 scale. I join some of the photos founded on this album.

My question: do you know which techniques were used to obtain this result ?

For those who are interested, you can consult the complete album at the following address :


The team that build this model is an Ukrainian company.







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Very interesting model and convincing weathering.  I'm honestly not sure what was done, here, but if I had to guess, I would say that the first step would be to seal the wood with either lacquer or shellac - whichever would be more compatible with the series of semi-opaque washes that would be hand-applied over the seal coat.  I would guess that each layer of wash gets sealed under a fresh mist coat of clear sealer.  Whatever they did - even managing to represent the iron staining of the fasteners - they did a superlative job.

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Posted (edited)

From some of the Russian modelers that have posted here (and from some other countries) they seem all use a bitumen compound.  Apply and wipe off if I remember correctly.   You might do a search here on MSW for "bitumen" and see what turns up.

Edited by mtaylor

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Not sure 'bitumen', whatever it really is, is a good solution. I know some of the Russians use it, but there are more easily obtainable paints.


It appears, as if indeed various washes of paint were used and some wiped off after application. I would think they were oil-washes, but this technique requires a lot of time, because the oils have to 'dry' (oxidise). No intermediate sealers are needed on properly dried oils. A semi-gloss varnish seems to have been used over everything to blend it in.


Using acrylics is faster, as they dry within minutes, so you can apply the next wash fast without disturbing the previous one. One can actully apply oil-washes on acrylics as well. They will deepen the colours. The same happens, when you apply a clear acrylic varnish over matt acrylic paints.


Very nice 'muleta' indeed, the model shown above.

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I agree with wefalck: bitumen never fully dries or 'sets'. Problems can become apparent years later. Have you ever seen old brown varnish finishes that have 'alligatored'? That's because they were bitumen based. Acrylic or oil paints in washes are far more reliable.

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Posted (edited)

judaic bitumen is liquid and acts more like a stain, not like the normal bitument, normal bitumen is the one that can give problems on the long term


judaic bitument is used on all kinds of materials to give a antique patina


here you can see a couple of links on it beeing used on wood




Sorry for beeing in portuguese/brasilian but in english i didn't find any good videos


Also keep in mind that depending on the brand/dilution the stain ranges from yelowish-brown-black


There are also recipes to make your own, i've never tried any, because i have easy access localy


this does look like it had some judaic bitumen used, but also looks like it had work with pigments done over it


You can also mix it with wax and work with the stained wax, there's some areas that really look like they had technique used

Edited by LFNokia

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