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Naval History On This Day, Any Nation

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1578 - Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool's gold, used to pave streets in London.

 

1900 - Sailors and Marines from USS Newark and USS Oregon arrive at Peking, China with other Sailors and Marines from Britain, France, Russia, Italy and Japan to protect U.S. and foreign diplomatic legations from the Boxers

 

1911 - The hull of the ocean liner RMS Titanic is launched.

 

1916 - A German naval fleet consisting of 24 battleships, five battle cruisers, 11 light cruisers and 63 destroyers were just off the Jutland Peninsula, were attacked by a British fleet of 28 battleships, nine battle cruisers, 34 light cruisers and 80 destroyers in one of the greatest sea battles in History known as The Battle of Jutland or the Battle of the Skagerrak, a total of 100,000 men aboard 250 ships were involved in the battle

 

1919 - NC-4's transatlantic mission ends at Plymouth, England

 

1942 - World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy midget submarines begin a series of attacks on Sydney, Australia.

 

1944 - USS England sank a record 6th Japanese submarine in 13 days.

 

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June 1

 

 

01 June

1666

First day of The Four Days Battle, off the North Foreland between the English fleet of 56 ships, under George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, and the Dutch fleet of 84 ships, under Lt.-Admiral Michiel de Ruyter.

 

1676

Danish-Dutch fleet of 25 ships-of-the-line, 10 frigates and some minor ships, under Dutch General Admiral Tromp and Admiral Niels Juel, defeats a Swedish force of 27 ships-of-the-line, 11 frigates and some minor ships, under Admiral Lorentz Creutz,.off Oland, Sweden

 

1677

The Danish Baltic Squadron of 10 ships-of-the-line and 3 frigates, under Admiral Niels Juel, defeated a Swedish squadron of 7 ships-of-the-line, 2 frigates and 2 armed cutters, under Admiral Sjöblad, off Moen

 

1794

Glorious First of June. British fleet under Lord Howe defeat French fleet under Louis Thomas Villaret  de Joyeuse.

 

1795

Adam Duncan promoted to full  Admiral.

 

1808

HMS Unite (38), Cptn. Patrick Capmbell, captured Nettuno and Teulie in the Adriatic.

 

1813

HMS Shannon (38), Cptn. Philip Bowes Vere Broke, captures USS Chesapeake(36) Cptn. James Lawrence, off Boston Harbor

 

1814

Start of 4 day British operation in the River Patuxent.

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1871 - RADM Rodgers lands in Korea with a party of Sailors and Marines and captures 5 forts to secure protection for U.S. citizens after Americans were fired upon and murdered.
1914 - General Order 99 prohibits alcohol on board naval vessels, or at navy yards or stations
1915 - First contract for lighter-than-air craft for Navy
1939 - Director of the Naval Research Laboratory, Captain Hollis M. Cooley, proposes research in atomic energy for future use in nuclear powered submarine
1944 - ZP-14 Airships complete first crossing of Atlantic by non-rigid lighter-than-air aircraft
1954 - First test of steam catapult from USS Hancock

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June 2

 

1653

First day of Battle of the Gabbard Bank, off the coast of Suffolk. English fleet of 100 ships under Generals at Sea George Monck and Richard Deane and Admirals John Lawson and William Penn beat of 98 Dutch ships under Lieutenant-Admiral Maarten Tromp and Vice-admiral Witte de With.

On second day the English were joined by Admiral Robert Blake, but Tromp decided to attack but was routed, the English chasing them until well in the evening.

1676

Battle of Palermo. A French force led by Abraham Duquesne attacked a Spanish force supported by a Dutch maritime expedition force. Largely because the Dutch and Spanish ships were at bay making repairs from an earlier a battle, the French fleet destroyed four Spanish and three Dutch ships with fireships.

1773

George III reviewed the English Fleet at Portsmouth.

1779

HMS Glasgow (20) burnt by accident in Montego Bay, Jamaica

1787

HMS Pelican (10) foundered

1805

HMS Diamond Rock capitulated.

Boats of HMS Loire (40), Cptn. Frederick Maitland, cut out privateer feluccaEsperamza from Camarinas Bay. Another privateer was taken but abandoned and 3 merchant vessels were destroyed.

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I was looking through my last post to see how a warship could be accidental burnt - i still do not know the answer, but here is a little history of her

 

H.M.S. Glasgow and the Incident at Crow Rock

HMS Glasgow was launched in 1757 and took part in the American revolutionary War. She is most famous for her involvement against the Continental Navy off Block Island on 6 April 1776. This  action was a night time naval encounter with the Continental Navy, which was returning from the Battle of Nassau on its maiden voyage, and HMS Glasgow, at the time serving as a dispatch boat under Captain Howe, successfully evaded capture from a fleet of seven Warships under the command of Esek Hopkins. She did, however, sustain quite a lot of damage in the encounter. -In 1775 the Second Continental Congress had established the Continental Navy and by the February of 1776 the first ships of the new fleet were ready for their maiden voyage. Commodore Esek Hopkins led this fleet of eight ships on an expedition to the Bahamas, where the British were known to have been keeping military supplies. In early March of that year the fleet, which lost one ship on route, landed marines on the island of New Providence and captured Nassau. After loading the ships with the captured military stores, the fleet then sailed north for Block Island. By April 4 the fleet reached the waters off Long Island, and captured HMS Hawk. The next day they captured HMS Bolton. The fleet then moved south hoping to catch further British ships as prizes. On April 6,  United States Ship Andrew Doria spotted HMS Glasgow which was carrying important military dispatches.  Howe came about to investigate the fleet, and over the next 30 minutes closed to within hailing shot. Esek Hopkins felt there was no immediate threat, so gave no signals to his fleet.

Captain Howe first came upon the USS Cabot, whose Captain was John Hopkins the son of Esek. The younger Hopkins, when hailed by Howe for identification, replied with a lie by saying, "Columbus, a 22-gun frigate." An overzealous seamen on his ship then tossed a grenadeonto the deck of HMS Glasgow and the battle began. The Cabot was actually a lightly armed Brig, and she fired one ineffective broadside at Howe's ship. The Glasgow countered with two broadsides wounding John Hopkins, and disabling the ships steering gear. As she drifted away, the USS Alfred came up to engage Glasgow, and the two became fully engaged. A shot from Glasgow early in the action broke the tiller chains of the Alfred and her temporary loss of steering made it difficult for another ship, the USS Andrew Doria, to join the action. Eventually more ships of the fleet did join the action against Glasgow forcing Howe to break off with the engagement. In spite of extensive damage to her sails and rigging, the Glasgow managed to escape towards Newport. After several hours of chase that lased until daylight, Hopkins called off the chase.

After repair, the Glasgow continued to serve in the American revolutionary conflict until 1778 when she return home. On route she came into Scilly. On her way out again she struck the Crow near Pendrethen. The incident caused her considerable damage as she lost her forefoot and a large rock became embedded in her hull. However, with her Captain taking a quite a considerable chance, she continued on her journey to Plymouth carrying the rock along with her which helped stop the water from coming in. Perhaps the incident may have been more serious had the rock came out on route to Plymouth but it remained firmly in position.

After repair HMS Glasgow returned to the Caribbean in 1779, where after chasing two large Continental frigates she was accidentally burnedin Montego Bay. Captain Horatio Nelson in HMS Badger was on hand to rescue the crew of HMS Glasgow.

 

Career (Great Britain) 60px-British-White-Ensign-1707.svg.png Name: HMS Glasgow Ordered: 13 April 1756 Builder: John Reed, Hull Laid down: 5 June 1756 Launched: 31 August 1757 Commissioned: March 1757 General characteristics Class & type: 20-gun Sixth rate Tons burthen: 451.3 long tons (458.5 t) Length: 109 ft 4 in (33.3 m) (gundeck)
91 ft 2 12 in (27.8 m) (keel) Beam: 30 ft 6 in (9.3 m) Depth of hold: 9 ft 7 12 in (2.9 m) Complement: 160 officers and men Armament: 20 × 9-pounder guns

Edited by Kevin

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1676 – Franco-Dutch War: France ensured the supremacy of its naval fleet for the remainder of the war with its victory in the Battle of Palermo.

1861 - USS Perry captures Confederate privateer Savannah
1941 - First aircraft escort vessel, USS Long Island (ACG-1), commissioned, then reclassified as an auxiliary aircraft carrier (AVC-1) on 20 August and finally reclassified as an escort carrier (CVE-1) in July 1943.

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June 3

 

 

1665

Battle of Lowestoft. English fleet of 109 ships, under James Stuart, Duke of York, badly defeat Dutch fleet of 103 ships, under Jacob van Wassenaer Obdam (Killed in Action). The Dutch lost 17 ships and the English lost 1 ship.

1785

Order to sell last ship remaining in Continental Navy, frigate Alliance . No other US Navy ships were authorized until 1794.

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1665 - Duke of York defeats Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft

1898 - Collier Merrimac sunk in channel leading to Santiago, Cuba in unsuccessful attempt to trap Spanish fleet. The crew was captured and later received the Medal of Honor.
1949 - Wesley A. Brown becomes the first African-American to graduate from the U.S. Naval Academy.
1969 - HMAS Melbourne USS Frank E. Evans collision 3rd June 1969 : While on NATO exercises in the South China Sea just off the coast of Vietnam the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne slices the smaller US destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half killing 74 of the destroyers crew.   

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June 4

 

1673

Engagement between the Anglo-French fleet under Prince Rupert and the Dutch under De Ruyter.  Second Battle of Schooneveld. Anglo-French fleet of 86 ships, under Rupert of the Rhine, engaged Dutch fleet of 64 ships, under Michiel de Ruyter.

1800

HMS Thames (32), Cptn. Lukin, and HMS Cynthia (18) silenced the forts at Quiberon which were afterwards destroyed by a party of troops.

1805

Boats of HMS Loire (40), Cptn. Frederick Maitland, destroyed a battery and fort at Muros Bay, took the privateer Confiance and burnt privateer Belier .

1808

4 Danish gunboats, under Lt. Christian Wulff, defeats the British gun-brig HMS Tickler, Lieut. John W. Skinner (Killed in Action), off Taars.

1812

Boats of HMS Medusa (32), Cptn. Bouverie, cut out and destroyed Dorade (14) at Arcasson near Bourdeaux.

1824

The Danish Navy's first steamship, the paddle steamer Kiel, arrives at Copenhagen from England.

1849

The Danish corvette Valkyrien, Andreas Polder, and the paddle steamer Gejser, Lt. Cmdr Jørgen P. F. Wulff, of the North Sea Squadron engages 3 Schleswig-Holstein naval paddle steamers, under Rear Ad. Bromme off Heligoland.

Edited by Kevin

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1666 - Battle at Duinkerk: English vs Dutch fleet

1934 - USS Ranger, first ship designed from the keel up as a carrier, is commissioned at Norfolk, VA
1939 -  The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, in the United States, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later die in Nazi concentration camps.

1942 - Battle of Midway (4-6 June) begins; during battle, the 4 Japanese carriers which attacked Pearl Harbor are sunk; this decisive U.S. victory is a turning point in the Pacific war
1944 - Hunter-killer group USS Guadalcanal captures German submarine, U-505

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USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60)

 

USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) was a Casablanca class escort carrier of the United States Navy. She was the first ship to carry her name.

She was converted from a Maritime Commission hull by Kaiser Co., Inc., of Vancouver, Washington. Originally Astrolabe Bay (AVG-60), she was reclassified ACV-60 on 20 August 1942 and launched as Guadalcanal (ACV-60) on 5 June 1943, sponsored by Mrs. Alvin I. Malstrom. She was reclassified CVE-60 on 15 July 1943; and commissioned at Astoria, Oregonon 25 September 1943, Captain Daniel V. Gallery in command.

Contents   [hide
Service history [edit]

After shakedown training in which Capt. Gallery made the first take off and landing aboard his new ship, Guadalcanalperformed pilot qualifications out of San Diego, California, and then departed on 15 November 1943, via the Panama Canal, for Norfolk, Va., arriving on 3 December. There she became flagship of Task Group 22.3 (TG 22.3), and with her escort destroyers set out from Norfolk on 5 January 1944 in search of enemy submarines in the North Atlantic. On 16 January, aircraft from Guadalcanal sighted three submarines fueling on the surface, and in a rocket and bombing attack succeeded in sinking U-544. Replenishing at Casablanca, the task group headed back for Norfolk and repairs, arriving on 16 February.

Departing again with her escorts on 7 March, Guadalcanal sailed without incident to Casablanca and got underway from that port on 30 March with a convoy bound for the United States. Scouring the waters around the convoy on 8 April northwest of Madeira, the task group discovered U-515 and closed in for the kill. Guadalcanal aircraft and Chatelain,FlahertyPillsbury and Pope made several well coordinated attacks on the intruder with rockets and depth charges throughout the night. Losing depth control on the afternoon of 9 April, the submarine was forced to surface amid the waiting ships, and was immediately devastated by point blank rocket and gunfire. As F4F Wildcats from Guadalcanal strafed the submarine, her captain, Kapitaenleutenant Werner Henke, ordered abandon ship and she went to the bottom.

Again on the night of 10 April, the task group caught U-68 on the surface in broad moonlight 300 miles south of the Azores and sank her with depth charges and rocket fire. The convoy arrived safely at Norfolk on 26 April 1944.

After voyage repairs at Norfolk, Guadalcanal and her escorts departed Hampton Roads for sea again on 15 May 1944. Two weeks of cruising brought no contacts, and the task force decided to head for the coast of Africa to refuel.

Capture of U-505 [edit]

Ten minutes after reversing course, however, on 4 June 1944, 150 miles West of Cape Blanco in French West Africa,Chatelain detected U-505 as it was returning to its base in Brest, France after an 80-day commerce-destroying raid in theGulf of Guinea. The destroyer loosed one depth charge attack and, guided in for a more accurate drop by circling TBF Avengers from Guadalcanal, she soon made a second. This pattern blasted a hole in the outer hull of the submarine, and rolled the U-boat on its beam ends. Shouts of panic from the conning tower led her inexperienced captain to believe his boat was doomed, so he blew his tanks and surfaced, barely 700 yards from Chatelain. The destroyer fired a torpedo, which missed, and the surfaced submarine then came under the combined fire of the escorts and aircraft, forcing her crew to abandon ship.

Captain Gallery had been waiting and planning for such an opportunity, and having already trained and equipped his boarding parties, ordered Pillsbury's boat to make for the German sub and board her. Under the command of Lieutenant, junior grade Albert David, the party leaped onto the slowly circling submarine and found it abandoned. David and his men quickly captured all important papers and books while closing valves and stopping leaks. As Pillsbury attempted to get a tow-line on her the party managed to stop her engines. By this time a larger salvage group from Guadalcanal led by Commander Earl Trosino, Guadalcanal's Chief Engineer, arrived, and began the work of preparing U-505 to be towed. After securing the towline and picking up the German survivors from the sea, Guadalcanal started for Bermuda with her priceless prize in tow. Abnaki rendezvoused with the task group and took over towing duties, the group arriving in Bermuda on 19 June after a 2,500-mile tow.

U-505 was the first enemy warship captured on the high seas by the U.S. Navy since 1815. For their daring and skillful teamwork in this remarkable capture, Guadalcanal and her escorts shared in a Presidential Unit Citation. Lieutenant David received the Medal of Honor for leading the boarding party, and Captain Gallery received the Legion of Merit for conceiving the operation that led to U-505's capture. The captured submarine proved to be of inestimable value to American intelligence (for the remainder of the war she was operated by the U.S. Navy as the USS Nemo to learn the secrets of German U-boats), and its true fate was kept secret from the Germans until the end of the war. U-505 is the submarine exhibited in the Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago).

Arriving in Norfolk on 22 June 1944, Guadalcanal spent only a short time in port before setting out again on patrol. She departed Norfolk on 15 July and from then until 1 December, she made three anti-submarine cruises in the Western Atlantic. She sailed on 1 December for a training period in waters off Bermuda and Cuba that included refresher landings for pilots of her new squadron, gunnery practice, and anti-submarine warfare drills with Italian submarine R-9Guadalcanal arrived Mayport, Fla., for carrier qualifications on 15 December and subsequently engaged in further training in Cuban water until 13 February 1945, when she arrived back in Norfolk. After another short training cruise to the Caribbean, she steamed into Mayport on 15 March for a tour of duty as carrier qualification ship, later moving to Pensacola, Florida for similar operations. After qualifying nearly 4,000 pilots,Guadalcanal returned to Norfolk, Va., and decommissioned there on 15 July 1946.

Guadalcanal entered the Atlantic Reserve Fleet at Norfolk and was redesignated CVU-60 on 15 July 1955, while still in reserve. Her name was finally stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 27 May 1958 and she was sold for scrap to the Hugo Neu Corp. of New York on 30 April 1959. She was in the process of being towed to Japan for scrapping, when Capt. Gallery also made the very last landing and take off from the ship, using a helicopter, off Guantanamo, Cuba.

First Person Accounts [edit]

Howard Sherer, one of the many men who served on the carrier, chronicled his experiences on the USS Guadalcanal in his book My Navy Career. Captain Daniel Gallery wrote of the carrier's accomplishments in his book Clear the Decks.

300px-USS_Guadalcanal_%28CVE-60%29_lying

 

 

Career (United States) 67px-US_flag_48_stars.svg.png Name: USS Guadalcanal Ordered: 1942 Builder: Kaiser Shipyards Laid down: 5 January 1943 Launched: 5 June 1943 Commissioned: 25 September 1943 Decommissioned: 15 July 1946 Struck: 27 May 1958 Motto: Can do Fate: Sold for scrap on 30 April 1959 General characteristics Class & type: Casablanca-class escort carrier Displacement: 7,800 tons Length: 512 ft (156 m) overall Beam: 65 ft (20 m) Draft: 22 ft 6 in (6.86 m) Propulsion:
  • 2 × 5-cylinder reciprocating Skinner Unaflow engines
  • 4 × 285 psi boilers
  • 2 shafts
  • 9,000 shp
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h) Range: 10,240 nmi (18,960 km) @ 15 kn (28 km/h) Complement:
  • 910-916 officers and men
  • Embarked Squadron:50-56 officers and men
  • Ship's Crew:860 officers and men.
Armament: 1 × 5 in/38 cal dual purpose gun, 16 × Bofors 40 mm guns (8x2), 20 ×Oerlikon 20 mm cannons (20x1) Aircraft carried: 27   Service record Part of: Task Group 21.12 (1943-44)

Task Group 22.3 (1944-45)

Atlantic Reserve Fleet (1946-58) Commanders: Daniel V. Gallery Operations: Battle of the Atlantic Victories: U-544U-515U-68U-505 (1944) Awards: Presidential Unit Citation, 3 Battle stars

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June 5

 

1794

First officers of the U.S. Navy under the Constitution are appointed. 

1807

Boats of HMS Pomone (38), Cptn. Robert Barrie, captured gun-brig and 14 sail south of the Ile d'Yeu

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1283 - Battle of the Gulf of Naples: Roger of Lauria, admiral to King Peter III of Aragon, captures Charles of Salermo

1817 - The first Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched

1829 - HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.

1917 - First military unit sent to France, First Naval Aeronautical Detachment, reaches France on board USS Jupiter
1945 - Typhoon off Okinawa damages many U.S. Navy ships

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June 6

 

1758

Howe attacks St. Malo. 

1762

George Anson died

1800

HMS Impetueux (74), Cptn. Sir Edward Pellew, and consorts took two brigs, two sloops, two gun vessels and about 100 prisoners and destroyed the batteries ashore at Morbihan.

1806

A British prize schooner of HMS Port D'Espagne, Lt. James Pattison Stewart, captured Spanish privateer Mercedes

1827

HMS Cynthia Packet-Brig (6) wrecked off the Island of Barbados.

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1944 - In Operation Overlord, Allied invasion fleet (over 2700 ships and craft) land troops on Normandy beaches, the largest amphibious landing in history

1942 - Battle of Midway. U.S. Navy dive bombers sink the Japanese cruiser Mikuma and four Japanese carriers.

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i was reading through looking for a relevant link and saw the facts below Téméraire clas - 115 of these 74 gun ships


 


 


Impétueux was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.


She took part in the Glorious First of June in 1794. During the battle, HMS Marlborough became tangled with Impétueux. Badly damaged and on the verge of surrender, Impétueux received a brief reprieve when Mucius appeared through the smoke and collided with both ships.[2] The three entangled ships continued exchanging fire, all suffering heavy casualties with Marlborough and Impétueux losing all three of their masts. This combat continued for several hours. Captain Berkeley of Marlborough had to retire below with serious wounds, and command fell to Lieutenant John Monkton, who signalled for help from the frigates in reserve.[3] Robert Stopford responded in HMS Aquilon, which had the assignment of repeating signals, and towed Marlborough out of the line as Mucius freed herself and made for the regrouped French fleet to the north.Impétueux was in too damaged a state to move at all and sailors from HMS Russell soon seized her.[4]


The Royal Navy intended to take into service as HMS Impetueux, but she was destroyed in an accidental fire at Portsmouth on 24 August 1794 and so was never commissioned. During the battle of The Glorious First of June, the Royal Navy had also captured her sister ship America, which it renamed HMS Impetueux in 1795.


Edited by Kevin

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June 7

 

 

1692

Port Royal, Jamaica destroyed by Earthquake and subsequent tsunami.

1777

HMS Fox (28), Cptn. Patrick Fotheringham, was taken by American frigatesHancock (32), Cpt. John Manley, and Boston (30), Cptn. Hector McNeil, off Newfoundland Banks.

Edited by Kevin

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1672 - Battle by Solebay: Dutch adm M de Ruyter beats French/English fleet

1819 - LT John White on merchant ship Franklin, anchored off Vung Tau is first U.S. naval officer to visit Vietnam
1917 - U.S. subchasers arrive at Corfu for anti-submarine patrols
1942 - Battle of Midway ends with loss of USS Yorktown
1944 - Construction of artificial harbors and sheltered anchorages begins off Normandy coast
1991 - Joint Task Force Sea Angel ends relief operations in Bangladesh after Cyclone Marian

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June 7

Maybe not directly naval history, but i believe this was an important event:

 

1494 – Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the New World between the two countries.

 

Other news:

1906 – The ship which started the events which pulled the US into WWI, RMS Lusitania is launched at the John Brown Shipyard

 

1942 – World War II: The Battle of Midway ends.

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June 8

 

08 June

1794

HMS Crescent (36), Cptn. James Saumarez, HMS Druid (32), Cptn. Ellison, and HMS Eurydice (24), Cptn. Francis Cole, engaged French squadron off the West coast of Guernsey..

 

1795

HMS Kingfisher (18) engaged a French convoy.

 

1796

HMS Unicorn (32), Cptn. Thomas Williams, and HMS Santa Margarita (36), Cptn. Thomas Byam Martin, captured Tribune (44), Commodore Moulson, and Tamise(42) to the westward of the Scillies. A corvette Legere escaped.

First day of 4 day campaign by HMS Arethusa (38), Cptn. Thomas Wolley, with three frigates, two sloops and army units capturing island of St. Vincent.

 

1813

Boats of HMS Elizabeth (74), Cptn. Leveson Gower, and HMS Eagle (74), Cptn. Charles Rowley, defeated troops at Omago.

 

1830

Sloop-of-war Vincennes becomes first U.S. warship to circle the globe 

 

1853

Commodore Matthew Perry arrives at Uraga, Japan to begin negotiations for a treaty with Japan

Edited by Kevin

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793   - Vikings raid the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria, commonly accepted as the beginning of the Scandinavian invasion of England.

1663 - Battle at Amegical: English & Portugese fleet beats Spanish.

1761 - British fleet occupies Belle Britain.

1856 - A group of 194 Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the mutineers of HMS Bounty, arrives at Norfolk Island, commencing the Third Settlement of the Island.

1937 - Observation of total eclipse of the sun by U.S. Navy detachment commanded by CAPT J. F. Hellweg, USN, participating in the National Geographic Society - United States Navy Eclipse Expedition at Canton Island in the Phoenix Islands, Pacific Ocean. USS Avocet was assigned to this expediton.

1942 - The Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.

1958 - Navy and Post Office deliver first official missile mail when USS Barbero (SS-317) fired Regulus II missile with 3000 letters 100 miles east of Jacksonville, FL to Mayport, FL.
1960 - Helicopters from USS Yorktown (CVS-10) rescue 54 crewmen of British SS Shunlee, grounded on Pratus Reef in South China Sea.

1967 - USS Liberty (AGTR-5) attacked by Israeli forces in Mediterranean.

1972 - The Pentagon has announced plans to develop a completely new type of Nuclear Missile that could be launched from a submarine and flown like an aircraft flying below 500ft to avoid radar detection to reach it's target, this is part of the ongoing Cruise Missile development .

1978 - Naomi James breaks the solo round-the-world sailing record by two days with her 53 ft yacht Express Crusader when she crossed the finish line in Dartmouth taking 272 days to complete the record.  

1982 - Bluff Cove Air Attacks during the Falklands War: 56 British servicemen are killed by an Argentine air attack on two landing ships, RFA Sir Galahad and RFA Sir Tristram.

2007 - Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, is hit by the State's worst storms and flooding in 30 years resulting in the death of nine people and the grounding of a trade ship, the MV Pasha Bulker.

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June 9

 

1772

HMS Gaspee schooner, Lt. William Dudingston, burned at Namquid Point, Narragansett Bay by American colonists from Providence, Rhode Island.

1795

HMS Mosquito captured a privateer.

1796

HMS Southampton (32), Cptn. James Macnamara, ccut out French corvette Utile(24) from Hyeres Bay

1799

Boats of HMS Success (32), Cptn. Shuldham Peard, cut out Belle Aurore.

1801

HMS Kangaroo (16), George Christopher Pulling, and HMS Speedy (14), Lord Thomas Cochrane, destroyed gunboats and took 3 brigs from under the battery of Oropeso

HMS Meleager (32), Cptn. Thomas Bladen Capel,  wrecked on the Triangles, Gulf of Mexico.

1808

21 Danish gunboats and 12 mortar shallops, under Cmdr Johan C. Krieger, engages a British escorted convoy in the southern part of the Sound. HMSTurbulent (12) and 11 merchant ships are captured.

Edited by Kevin

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1534 - Jacques Cartier 1st sails into mouth of St Lawrence River

 

1667 - The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet in the Second Anglo-Dutch War begins. It lasts for five days and results in the worst ever defeat of the Royal Navy.

 

1882 - Establishment of Office of Naval Records of the War of the Rebellion (became part of Naval Historical Center)

 

1942 - First Navy photographic interpretation unit set up in the Atlantic.

 

1959 - Launching of USS George Washington (SSBN-598), first nuclear powered fleet ballistic missile submarine, at Groton, CT

Edited by st george

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June 10

 

 

1673

Rene Duguay-Trouin born in St. Malo, France. French privateer and naval officer, he captured 300 merchantmen and 20 warships during his career.

1805

HMS Chiffonne (36), Cptn. Charles Adamand, HMS Falcon (14), Cptn. George Sanders, HMS Clinker (14), Lt. Nisbet Glen, and the Frances hired armed cutter, engaged French gunboats Foudre (10), Cptn. Jacques-Felix-Emmanuel Hemelin, Audacieuse (10), Lt. Dominique Roquebert, and 7 others protecting a convoy off the coast of France.

1809

HMS Amelia (38), Cptn. Frederick Paul rby, and HMS Statira captured French national vessels Mouche (16), Rejouie (8) and a schooner together with 2 luggersLegere and Notre Dame at Santander.

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1627 - Piet Heyn conquerors 38 ships at bay of Salvador

1775 - Force under Ethan Allan and Benedict Arnold cross Lake Champlain and capture British fort at Ticonderoga, New York.
1800 - USS Constitution captures Letter of Marque Sandwich.
1862 - Confederates destroy Norfolk and Pensacola Navy Yards.
1918 – The Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent István sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.

1949 - First shipboard launching of LARK, guided missile by USS Norton Sound.
1960 - USS Triton (SSRN-586) completes submerged circumnavigation of world in 84 days following many of the routes taken by Magellan and cruising 46,000 miles.

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June 11

 

 

1800

Boats of Rear Ad. Sir John B. Warrens's squadron, HMS Renown (74) Cptn. Eyles, HMS Fisgard (44), Cptn. T. Byam Martin, HMS Defence (74), Cptn. Lord H. Paulet, and HMS Unicorn (32), Cptn. Wilkinson, cut out gunboat Nochette (2) two armed chasse-maree and eight other vessels at St. Croix within the Penmarks. Twenty other vessels were run on to the rocks. 

1808

Boats of HMS Euryalus (36), Cptn. George Heneage Dundas, and HMS Cruizer(18), George Charles M'Kenzie, burnt two large troop transports and captured a gun-vessel (2) off the Naskon.

Edited by Kevin

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1676 - Battle at Öland: Danish & Dutch fleet under CM Tromp beats Sweden

 

1770 - British explorer Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.

 

1775 - The American Revolutionary War's first naval engagement, the Battle of Machias, results in the capture of a small British naval vessel.

 

1853 - Five Navy ships leave Norfolk, VA on 3 year exploring expedition to survey the far Pacific

 

1865 - The Naval Battle of Riachuelo is fought on the rivulet Riachuelo (Argentina), between the Paraguayan Navy on one side and the Brazilian Navy on the other. The Brazilian victory was crucial for the later success of the Triple Alliance (Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina) in the Paraguayan War.

 

1898 - Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships set sail for Cuba.

 

1927 - USS Memphis arrives at Washington, DC, with Charles Lindbergh and his plane, Spirit of St. Louis, after his non-stop flight across the Atlantic

 

1944 - USS Missouri (BB-63) the last battleship built by the United States Navy and future site of the signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, is commissioned.

 

1944 - U.S. battleships off Normandy provide gunfire support.

 

1953 - Navy ships evacuate 20,000 Koreans from West Coast Islands to safety south of 17th parallel

 

1959 - A new form of transport which is a cross between an aircraft, a boat and a land vehicle, propelled on a cushion of air created by its own fan power the "Hovercraft", has it's official launch at the Solent on the South Coast of England. The Hovercraft ( SRN-1 ) which is still at the experimental level is just 29ft long, but developers believe the technology will allow the production of full scale Hovercraft capable of speeds 50 knots and up to 300 ft long. The SR-N1 Hovercraft was designed by Sir Christopher Cockerell.               

Edited by st george

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June 12

 

 

1652

English squadron under Sir George Ayscue overtook the Dutch outward bound East Indian fleet of forty merchantmen, and secured six prizes off the Lizard.

1667

HMS Royal Charles (80), not in commission, captured during dutch raid on Medway

1775

General Assembly of the Crown Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations authorize the charter of two naval vessels "to protect the trade of the colony."

Jeremiah O'Brien & crew of the sloop Unity capture HMS Margaretta  schooner, Lt. James Moor (mortally wounded), in Machias Bay, Maine. Arguably the first naval battle of the American Revolution.

1813

Boats of HMS Bacchante (38), Cptn. William Hoste, captured 24 vessels at Abruzza.

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