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About jud

  • Birthday 08/27/1942

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    Lexington, Oregon
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    If it is old, I have an interest, have done enough different things to appreciate most.

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  1. When getting ready to let go, the anchor would have been hanging on the quick release only, the Cat lifting tackle would have been used to rig the quick release and then the anchor was lowered until it was suspended on the release chain, the Cat block would have then been lowered until the hook could be released and the whole rig secured out of the way. Should not be any lashings holding the anchor at this point except the Anchor Buoy which would have enough line to allow the Buoy to float at high tide while being secured to the anchor on the bottom. What we used for the Buoy was a 3"50 can, painted red with the tether line around it like the thread on a spool. It was held by a Seaman and tossed overboard when the anchor was let go, it spun the line off as the anchor fell, leaving the Buoy on the surface. Modern yes, something similar must have been done 200 years ago. heck it worked, why change anything but the materials.
  2. Was a mechanical device that held the Anchor from the Cat, that could be released quickly, usually involving a chain and a rotating hook, sometimes it was just a sacrificial line that was cut with an ax. The Anchor could not let go when hanging from the lifting tackle on the Cat. Have found little about these vital devices, suspect there were many designs and methods. Aboard the Ammen DD 527 the anchor hung from a stopper equipped with a Pelican Hook that was released by striking it's holding clip with a sledge, enough drag on the brake was used to stop the run-out when the anchor bottomed so a pile of chain did not bury it. The details of anchoring using man power in the days of old seem to be few.
  3. Some of us rode them, Mine was the USS Ammen DD 527. Photo of her in the configuration when I was aboard.
  4. Rig one anchor and have it hanging from the Cat quick release toggle or a hank of line with an axe handy. Run the Hawser from the anchor around the bows and inboard through the Hawse hole and have about 4 fathoms to reach bottom and another 24 flaked out for the scope on deck for anchoring in 4 fathom deep water, bypass the Windless which has a toggle stop but no brake so using them to let go would be dangerous, when chains became common they required a Gypsy for the chain, the windless then needed refining with clutch's and brakes for that Gypsy and the chain remained around the Gypsy, the drums always turned when the mechanism was operating. That is how I have read it was done. Setting two or more anchors from the bows is asking for them to become fouled, unless another is set aft to prevent the ship from swinging in a tidal stream.
  5. Heel and Head ropes in use.
  6. Could be, have never seen any Sims Class Destroyers, I see on the net that 12 were built and commissioned in 1939-1940, all survived the war but were scrapped after the war, rate as 1500 Ton Destroyers, the Fletchers were rated at 2100 Tons. I jumped to conclusions that the vessels in the photo were DE's because of their single stack and raised foredecks. Photo from the net, it proves me wrong about the two vessels in that photo being DE's.
  7. Those are DE's not DD's in the above photo, no Fletcher's in it. Now this is a Fletcher getting setup to bury her bows, square bridge but I suspect that the Fletcher's bridge was upgraded after entering service. The one I rode was the Ammen DD 527.
  8. Looks like you modified that bench to something that fits your needs and did it well. Have been considering buying one of those, it will be for a catch all room and I may not instal the vise. Probably will bolt it to the wall as a safety measure, something top heavy is bound to find it's way on top of it, always does.
  9. Both photo's a[ear to use tillers on the Weather Decks, if so, poor location or a Binnacle so I would guess is the the source for fresh eggs and an ocasional chicken dinner, a Chicken Coop.
  10. This is an interrupted thread Breech Plug. It is the Gas Check Pad that seals the Breech, it's protected and reinforced by the rings, Notice the cross section of the Mushroom, it moves rearward from chamber pressure because of the greater surface area, that means that if there is 50,000 pounds of chamber pressure against the face of the mushroom, there is nearly a 20 % larger force squeezing the Gas Check Pad forcing it out against the chamber walls, they are a heavy live rubber pad, it is that greater force than the chamber pressure that seals the breech, the passage being blocked, hot gasses don't act directly on the rings and pads to burn them. Good System, that is what the 8"55's aboard the Helena CA 75 used, was a GM in Turret 2. a couple of years, transferred up there from the 3"50's when I made E-4. Might be of interest, we fired those guns using 45-70 blanks sending a flame through the Stem and against the Black Powder ignition Pad sewn to the rear of the powder bags.
  11. Makes no sense to me, as long as the compass will hold it's set, leave it alone would be my choice.
  12. As vossiewulf said; If you provide a Logical Means to do those things, the rigging and tools to go with it, you cannot go very far wrong.
  13. You can make some changes in your manufacturing process to tighten up the finished rope, sounds like you have researched and spoken with those who are in the know about how to do that. Listen to what you have been told and read some illustrated instructions and tighten up your finished product, the starting ends you speak of, don't make mountains out of nothing, tape the rope where it has started to come together as intended and cut the waste off when you again reach that part of the spool. Your rope looks like a fuzz bomb, should not be a problem, use some bees wax a piece of canvas and burnish your finished rope, 'might add some character' or run it through a clean gas flame and burn the fuzz off. Good Luck. If all else fails farm it out to someone who can provide what you need.
  14. The sketch shows a Windless using pawls. The drum turns and the pawls when the drum rotates ride up a tooth and drops to take the load from the next tooth if turning is interrupted, other than a up down motion, the pawl is stationary on it's pivot point. A ratchet moves around a toothed gear attached to a windless drum, the ratchet allowed for continuous rotation by setting them up as gangs. Windless and such were used to put a strain on a line and hold it while it was bent to, or fished to a hold fast, we used stoppers on mooring lines to hold the tension achieved by using the Capstan, the line then could be removed from the drum and made up. A wooden windless using handles to rotate the drum might be used to break an anchor from the bottom but the lifting was probably done using ganged tackle. A capstan where continuous rotation could be applied, was used to lift the heavier anchors, to avoid damaging the cable, another line was used on the capstan which was fished to the cable and the lift was done in separate pulls. Remember that a man can lift and push more than he can pull using his weight, so the lines on the windless would have been placed on the drum so the seamen were lifting to take the strain and the pawls could take that strain by blocking reverse rotation, also safer if the pawl failed, wouldn't be tossed over the bows, the levers would stop the rotation and hold the tension when they reached the deck. Most models have the windless rigged backwards and the anchor cable left turned around the drums. Suspect that the early windless were used in the rigging more than, if ever, used on the anchor. Stoppers are used to hold the strain while the main line is secured, they should be seen on models.

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