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Cross section Fishing Smack by G.L. - Scale 1/20 - POF - approx. 1920 - FINISHED


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Part 1: Introduction of a new project:

With my Triton cross section running to its completion, it is time to look out to a new cross section project. My eye fell on a former group project of our modeling club ( https://dedissel.weebly.com/ a cross section of a Lowestoft smack, based on drawings of the smack 'Master Hand'.
One of the club members, Georges Verleene, an experienced ship carpenter (now retired), wrote for this project a very detailed monograph with lots of detailed drawings. The group project went on many years ago, but lucky for me Georges had still a copy of the handout left.

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001.pdf

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Why building a smack?

At the start of WW 1 a lot of Belgian fishermen evaded to England with their vessel. Below a picture of the exodus from Ostend in October 1914.002.JPG.3b74b9dbae27ffcfed2c89249ff6483b.JPG

During the war they became familiar with the English smacks which were larger than the Ostend two-mast sloops. Some of them returned to Belgium with a smack.

The structure of a smack was more slim of that of a Belgian sloop. After the example of the English smack, Belgian shipyards started to build smacks as well. But Belgian ship carpenters were so used to build sturdy sloops that their smacks were always heavier and wider than the English smacks. Belgian smacks were faster than the Belgian two-mast sloops, but they remained always slower than the English smacks. In general Belgian fishermen had more confidence in the robust Belgian built vessels than in the English ones which they called scornful 'yachts'.
Despite several Belgian ship owners ordered their vessel in Brixham, Lowestoft or Fleetwood. So in the twenties of previous century smacks became very common in the port of Ostend, Belgium's principal fishery harbor of that time.

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My cross section will be an imaginary smack. Based on the measurements made in 1945 by Mr. Edgar March for his book 'Sailing trawlers' of the Lowestoft smack 'Master Hand' and mixed with Belgian shipbuilding elements as provided in the monograph of Mr. Georges Verleene. The handout is meant to build the cross section to scale 1/30, but I will build to scale 1/20. I like it a bit bigger. The 'Master Hand' was 24 m long and 7 m wide.
The cross section covers the hull between frame 36 and frame 49, including the foremast.

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Picture of an authentically restored fishing smack of the Lowestoft fishing fleet: Excelcior.

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Michael, Pat, Wayne and all the likers,

I am flattered by your interest. I will do my best to keep your attention until the completion of this project.

This week I started the build with the making of a building platform.

 

Part 2: The building board

Before starting with the construction of the model, a slipway has to be built. I make my building board as described in the practicum. I first draw the outline of the cross section frames on millimeter paper and glue it on the base plank.

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A smack was down at the stern, therefore the building board must have a downward slope towards the after end. In the middle of the base plank comes a kind of clamp in which the keel will be clamped. This clamp has the same downward slope. The frames will be placed perpendicular with the base plank on the keel.

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Building board in detail:

A: Base plank with outline plan of keel and frames.

B: 2 bolts with wing nuts.

C  Clamp plank, screwed an glued to the base shelf. 

D  Thin lath with the same width as the keel thickness.

E: Plank, 1 millimeter thinner than the keel thickness, 9 millimeters lower than the clamp planks, glued to clamp plank C.

F: Adjustable clamp plank to secure the keel on the slipway with the wing nuts.

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G.L.

 

Completed projects:

HMS Triton cross section - FINISHED - Scale 1:24

 

 

 

Current projects:

Oostends schipje (Ostend shrimper) - scale 1:20

Cross section Fishing Smack - Scale 1/20, POF, approx. 1920

 

 

 

 

 

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Well Carl, I will try not to disappoint you.

 

Part 3: The Keel

The keel is made of two pieces of oak, laminated on each other to easier the making of the rabbet.

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Of the two pieces two corners are planed to a well determined angle.

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The two parts of the keel are now glued together with the planed angles against each other. The joined planed angles now form the rabbet.

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At the bottom of the keel a 1.5 cm thick plank is screwed to give some more workspace below when the model stands on the slipway. Later it will be removed again.

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I place the keel on the slope of the slipway to draw off the angles of the keel edges. The keel edges have to be sawn perpendicular to the ground plane.

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Now I mark the notches in which the frames will rest.

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I saw them with the circle saw and file the notches out.

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 The finished keel on the building board.

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G.L.

 

G.L.

Completed projects:

HMS Triton cross section - FINISHED -  Scale 1:24

 

 

 

Current projects:

Oostends schipje (Ostend shrimper) - scale 1:20

Cross section Fishing Smack - Scale 1/20, POF, approx. 1920

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Part 4: The frames

The building method of frames for smacks in the United Kingdom was usually with one layer of futtocks which were assembled with horizontal or vertical joints.

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I will build my cross section in the Belgian way with two layers of futtocks  like described in the practicum of Mr Verleene.

I first draw the frame plan on a piece of paper (A3 format) with under it a piece of carbon paper, carbon side on top. In that way the picture of the frame is visible on both sides of the paper. I lay the frame plan on a piece of glass to have a perfect plane surface to glue my frame.

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I glue the different parts of the bottom futtock with paper glue on the paper.

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To make sure that there is a full overlap of the upper futtocks with the bottom futtocks, I draw the frame outline on the bottom frame with the help of carbon paper.

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Then I glue the second layer of futtocks with wood glue.

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On top of the frame I glue another copy of the frame plan and cover the whole with a second glass plate and some weights.

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Next day the glue is dry and the frames can be sawn out.

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A sawn out frame.

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And sanded.

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On Belgian built smacks the two layers of futtocks were firmly riveted one to another with stubby steel bolts. An each side of each joint a bolt was punched. The distance between the two bolts was ± 20 cm.   
Before placing my bolds I pre drill holes in which I nail small nails. The excesses on each side are pinched off and finally I file the nails until they have a flat surface with the frame sides.

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I glue a temporally support at the topside of each frame to avoid as much as possible deformation of the frame.

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G.L.

Completed projects:

HMS Triton cross section - FINISHED - Scale 1:24

 

Current projects:

Oostends schipje (Ostend shrimper) - scale 1:20

Cross section Fishing Smack - Scale 1/20, POF, approx. 1920

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G.L.

 

Great Subject looking forward to this build going to be a big one. Like the idea of a cutaway.

 

I have a great respect for fishers of all nations "those that go down to the sea in ships" hope I quoted that correctly. (psalms 107)

 

Deja Vue Last night watched 1937 movie with Spencer Tracy Captains Courageous great flick excellent video for the time fishing on the Grand Banks.

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On ‎9‎/‎22‎/‎2018 at 2:24 PM, John Allen said:

G.L.

 

Great Subject looking forward to this build going to be a big one. Like the idea of a cutaway.

 

I have a great respect for fishers of all nations "those that go down to the sea in ships" hope I quoted that correctly. (psalms 107)

 

Deja Vue Last night watched 1937 movie with Spencer Tracy Captains Courageous great flick excellent video for the time fishing on the Grand Banks.

John,

 

I share your respect for the fishermen. They have hard and dangerous job, just a month ago a Belgian boat capsized, with the loss of two of the five crew members.

I searched for the movie Captain Courageous on YouTube and saw some trailers. It is a movie that I want to see, didn't find the full movie yet, but I continue searching.

 

G.L.

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On ‎9‎/‎23‎/‎2018 at 12:13 PM, Backer said:

Beautiful work.
I am still jealous of your drawing skills as preparation :imNotWorthy: ;).

Patrick,

I believe that your first emoticon is a bit undue. I just follow the instructions written by Mr Georges Verleene in his excellent handout.

Thanks for the reaction anyway.

 

G.L.

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All 14 frames are finished.

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Here you see the most forward frame (the smallest) together with the most afterward (the biggest).

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G.L.

Completed projects:

HMS Triton cross section - FINISHED - Scale 1:24 

Current projects:

Oostends schipje (Ostend shrimper) - scale 1:20

Cross section Fishing Smack - Scale 1/20, POF, approx. 1920

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On ‎10‎/‎6‎/‎2018 at 11:45 PM, BANYAN said:

Quite the production run GL; look forward to the hull coming together.

 

cheers

 

Pat

Here we go, Pat!

 

Part 5: Mounting the frames

To mount the frames vertically, I place a board perpendicular on the base of the slipway. The board can be moved over the full length of the keel.

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To center the frame tops, on each horizontal support the middle is marked. This mark must match the center line on the board.

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Two frames placed.

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To keep the space between the frames equal, I glue temporally some spacers between each frame.

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G.L.

Completed projects:

HMS Triton cross section - FINISHED - ;Scale 1:24

 

Current projects:

Oostends schipje (Ostend shrimper) - scale 1:20

Cross section Fishing Smack - Scale 1/20, POF, approx. 1920

 

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Thanks Michael, Patrick and the likers,

 

Next item is the keelson:

Part 6: The keelson

The keelson is made of oak. The notches for the frames are made in the same way as I did for the keel.

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The keelson is glued in place. The mast step  is also placed.

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G.L.

Completed projects:

HMS Triton cross section - FINISHED - Scale 1:24

 

Current projects:

Oostends schipje (Ostend shrimper) - scale 1:20

Cross section Fishing Smack - Scale 1/20, POF, approx. 1920

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