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Apxeos

Concepcion by ApxeoS - scale 1:60 – Nao or Galleon 16th century

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I have been working on the model for quite some time, but before there was no certainty that it would be possible to finish the job.
The project is not tied to a specific historical ship and is a collective image of a transitional vessel between the beginning and the galleon of the late 16th century, which was widely used at that time in the Mediterranean basin.

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Unfortunately, I don't know English well enough and I have to use google translator. It does not always translate adequately. If something is not clear, please ask me questions.

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I was interested to give my interpretation. The starting point was two images.
The first one.
This engraving has long been known, but not everyone pays attention to the fact that another engraving from this Bruegel cycle depicts the same ship,
but in other planes. Take a closer look at the details, the location of the yards, pennants, etc.

 

 

86_2.jpg

20g1.jpg

Edited by Apxeos

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The first to draw attention to this is R. Morton Nance in his book Classic Sailing-Ship Models in Photographs.
He believed that the drawings were made from a model.
Thus, we probably have one of the first images of the same vessel in 3 projections (side view, bow and stern).

19371.jpg

img01min.jpg

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The second one.
This is an image from a 1575 book, Itinerario de navegación de los mares y tierras occidentals, Juan de Escalante de Mendoza.
The image is blurry and most likely borrowed from another source that has not reached us.
It has designations of structural parts, such as length, width, keel, etc.
But most importantly, the image gives what is critically important for me - the shape of the stern and stem, the length of the keel and the depth of the underwater hull.

_1575_M.png

Juan Escalante de Mendoza Libro nombrado regimiento de la navegación de las Indias Occidentales2.jpg

Juan Escalante de Mendoza Libro nombrado regimiento de la navegación de las Indias Occidentales3.jpg

Juan Escalante de Mendoza Libro nombrado regimiento de la navegación de las Indias Occidentales4.jpg

Edited by Apxeos

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Both Bruegel and Mendoza designated the type of vessel as nao, but this type of vessel could also be designated as galleon.
The length of the original is estimated to be about 25 m. Between the stem and the
stern.

Edited by Apxeos

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Mendoza writes that the well-known Spanish rule uno-dos-tres (1-2-3) for the construction of ships at the time of writing is outdated.
If you look at the above figure from this book, inconsistencies with this rule are clearly visible.
It has a longer keel, lower stem and stern and shallow hold. Obviously, the midship frame had to be changed accordingly.

The width of the floor frames (Spanish - plan) should be greater than the standard 1/3 of the maximum width of the hull (Spanish - manga).  Such a vessel could come close to the coast, but it was unlikely to sail well in the ocean. It was also well suited for the calm Mediterranean Sea.  This was the basis for the reconstruction.

 

Edited by Apxeos

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When building this model, the planned stern transom could not be made. The result was a semicircular stern.

It became clear that even in the model of cardboard can not quickly make significant changes in the design. This can only be done in a virtual model.

Based on the corrected drawings, a 3D model was built on a 1: 1 scale of the original.

22с.jpg

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Next, each part was transferred to a plane and files were prepared for laser material cutting.

The choice of such technology for the model is due to the fact that I already had experience in similar work. Moreover, a 3D model was already built during the reconstruction process, which greatly facilitated further work.

I used to have a post here with a model of the Furttenbach 1629 galleon, but now I can’t find it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1_M.jpg

3_M.jpg

1_Fс.jpg

с3с.jpg

Edited by Apxeos

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Now about the model itself.

The type of construction model is traditional, on a keel frame with additional elements designed to eliminate torsion of plywood.

This design is widespread, all its pros and cons are well known.

Most importantly, I wanted to create a model for myself that I myself would be interested to collect.

Therefore, from the very beginning, I wanted all the interdeck space to be free and well visible through open hatches and cannon ports.

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Apxeos, that is definitely a galleon. Since the carrack that preceded the galleon was often referred to as a nao, people assume it means a specific type of vessel, when in fact nao just means ship.

 

You might be interested in this one as well - French, from 1548.

1415512501_GuillaumeBrousconLeConquet1545.jpg.5a92934671269ab614fda5bf274b608d.jpg

And these ones, also French, from 1545.

2117879026_NormandieMapgalleons1and2.jpg.76e557e8c178d1507f16097eb0e306ac.jpg

You're doing very well with it. I'll be following this build with great interest.

 

Steven

 

 

 

 

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