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  1. Alex, thank you very much for the translations of these ancient, obscure terms. So (im-)patiently waiting for the rigging installation on your model. And nice, neat job of aligning the wales with the hull's strakes. How did you make your wales black?
  2. Steven, I have re-read your finely researched log and it seems there is general consensus on the halyard issue. Only 'smaller' rigging details need clarification. For example – what are rize (rixe, strixe), mentioned in the 15th-century manuscript? There are two of them, each with a length of 5 times the yard circumference, and both of the ties' thickness. And they are somehow connected to the yard. Bellabarba interpretation is not quite convincing (see #67, left), and I feel they are slings, as this layout hopefully makes everything logic. But perhaps you have other id
  3. Alex: Beauty taking shape... Fine, neat job. Steven: Both pictorial and archaeological evidence is described in the mentioned book (although not specifically for the 15th century, but for earlier period), and even comparisons with more modern, non-European practices are made. There are some graphical samples below: Reconstruction of the multi-sheave block excavated from Port-Vendres 2 shipwreck (c. AD 42-48), based on the measurements given by Carre (1983: 41) Block RG1, probably the upper block from the foremast halyard system of the Serç
  4. Upon consulting still more works and sources (of which one of the most informative was the book Maritime Technological Change in the Ancient Mediterranean: The invention of the lateen sail by Richard Whitewright), my hopefully final, graphical interpretation of the unclear XV-century manuscript can be seen below. At last I am quite happy with this arrangement, and this is what I intend to apply to my Mataro model. Many thanks for help to you Alex and Steven. Of course still curious of your – perhaps different – solutions. As an aside, lifting the main yard
  5. Fine, thank you Alex. Good you made your choices. And remember to show us your building progress.
  6. An extension of the theme, suitable for larger ships. Its drawback – disagreement with medieval shipbuilding manual, which allows only twice the mast length above the deck for the ties. Alex, I can only hope it does not bother you. Waiting eagerly for your next entries...
  7. Oh no, Steven... You have utterly ruined my perception of medieval clothing and behaviour... But more seriously – your conclusion concerning those ties may be regarded as proven by the medieval shipbuilding treatise itself. At least according to Bellabarba's interpretation: there are unquestionable lifts (mantichi), there are ties (manti, amante) and there is what is called rize, which he interprets as collars fixed permanently to the ties. This is shown in the diagram below: Having said that, I almost hesitate to advance yet another hypothesis (born while havi
  8. Agree 100%. Those ties and halyards are notoriously elusive on the period iconography, and your explanation for this phenomenon is the most convincing.
  9. Perhaps this diagram taken from Bellabarba work may be of some use, although it must be admitted that it is of limited value without the accompanying text (unfortunately, too long to quote here). However, one could imagine, that most of the illustrated rigging, which is operated directly by hand (ie. without help of additional devices like capstans or windlasses), would be comfortably attached on the halfdeck level, just as it is seen in fact on the Mataro model itself or on so many contemporary pictures. Works dedicated to the Mediterranean rigging would be certainly o
  10. Thank you Steven. Woodrat has done exceptionally fine and original job, although I am still not fully happy with some minor points, related mainly to the winding gear arrangement. And already seen your fine collection, a lot of useful stuff indeed. Besides, I try to rely on textual descriptions of the XV century Italian manuscript(s), which are so closely relevant to the Mataro model. In truth, these are the starting points and also the final benchmark, as it is known for sure they were written by a professional. This is quite an etymological mess, but upon consulting s
  11. 😄 Not even my Bermuda sloop model, made only some 15 or 20 years ago, and found lately in the basement. As to the calcet, true again, and – fortunately – we are not confined to guesswork only. It seems that it was then a common Mediterranean feature (in contrast to Northern rig), irrespective of the sail type. Referring again to Sergio Bellabarba work: Be that as it may, my ultimate goal is to find the correct/probable/workable/simplest configuration of the winding gear, suitable for a smaller, late medieval round ship. Unex
  12. After some browsing… The book Sailing Ships of War 1400–1860 by Frank Howard seems to be the most explanatory on this specific subject so far (at least among the books at hand). While mostly Northern (English) practices are described, they are – on the other hand – strictly based on the first hand written contemporary accounts. Unfortunately, the relevant text, together with its explanatory diagrams, is too long to quote here. But in short, the earliest main yard halliard blocks/ramheads/knights could have originally only two sheaves, creating very simple halliards indeed.
  13. Alex: Beautiful shapes and workmanship, thank you for that. Please do not stop... Steven: Happilly, I can read French, but many thanks again for your generous offer. Instead – as you are very well versed in period evidence – I need you to comment on the 'halyard or no halyard' issue: There are two sheaves in the attachable masthead (calcet) in the Lomellina vessel, for what must be a double tie, and there are only two sheaves in the knighthead too. First, one would expect that a main yard halyard would 'typically' need more sheaves than just two. More important, however
  14. In reality, this above deck capstan asks more questions than it answers. Cargo loading? Yard bracing? Steering-wheel forerunner? Something else? At this place, it does not appear perhaps on any other known ship. One-time experiment? Wish to know too...
  15. Steven, you have opened the Sesame's gates . The publications on the Lomellina shipwreck are especially enlightening... Many thanks.
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