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Javier Baron

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About Javier Baron

  • Birthday 02/28/1948

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    Madrid - Spain

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  1. Thank you very much for commenting. the zulu is already finished, just in the absence of the showcase manufacturing. Javier
  2. To make the sails, I first cut out a pattern on paper and check on the model that its size and shape are correct. As in this case the sails are colored, I have chosen brown fabrics to which I have given a reddish gouache. The fabrics are cocktail napkins that come in a roll from which they are detached, and although they are disposable, they can be used several times, as they can be washed. In the end I opt for the darker one. Putting the napkin on the bias (that is, diagonally) I have been cutting strips of 3 mm. wide. Then I have glued these strips, one with the other, with minimal overlapping, making a composite canvas, from which I have then trimmed the sails using the paper patterns. The edges of the sails are very thin strips of cloth that stick over the sails. These very thin strips are trimmed from the edges of the napkin, as they are treated with a varnish or resin sizing that prevents fraying.
  3. They are transferable letters of Letraset, of which I have a few samples, since they disappeared from the market years ago
  4. Thank you very much to all for your comments. I continue with the constrction of the model.
  5. My current project is a lugger of the east coast of Scotland, a type of ship called Zulu, which was the most powerful and efficient sailboat for the herring sail fishery among those of its size in the British Isles. Its origin dates back to 1879, the year in which a Lossiemouth fisherman, William "Dad" Campbell, devised a radical design for his new boat for the capture of herring. He had the vertical bow of the fifie and the sloping stern of the skafie, and called this ship "Nonesuch." It was relatively small, with 16 m. of length and a keel length of 12 meters. This design, which provided a longer deck and a shorter keel, markedly improved the maneuverability of the boat and provided it with a good speed, characteristics that made it highly appreciated by herring fishing fleets, as they managed to reach promptly to the fishing grounds and return quickly with the catch. Due to these qualities, that type of vessel quickly became very popular throughout the Scottish east coast. The new type of vessel was baptized as a Zulu because of the war that was developing in South Africa at that time, in which Scottish soldiers fought, a war that was rejected by the population who thought they were fighting in an English conflict that, deep down, they were not concerned, which made their sympathies lean towards the Zulus. The Zulu ships were carvel built, instead of clinker built, which was the most common in those waters. They were provided with two masts carrying lug sails and a bow jib. The sails were heavy and difficult to maneuver, and the masts to carry them had to be very long and strong. In the Zulu of greater size, the masts came to be 18 m high in boats of 24 m in length. As the twentieth century approached, steam winches were introduced aboard, which made maneuvering sails and nets much easier for crews. However, and despite the success of its design, the life of the Zulu was quite short, since it was replaced by steam fisherboats after a brief existence of just over three decades.
  6. I have finished the martigana, ony just need to make your showcase. Thanks to all who have followed and to all who have commented. Best regards, Javier
  7. Because of my anarchic way of proceeding, in which the scale is the result of wanting the model's hull to be between 10 and 11 cm. in length ... it is unorthodox, I know. Really, we can say that the model is in 1: 200 scale instead of 1: 210, because what I am reproducing is not a real ship in particular, but a type of vessel, with all the margins of variation that are usual.
  8. Sails making: I cut bias strips of fabric of the desired width to mimic the strips that make up the sails in reality. I glue the strips with textile glue, with minimal overlap between them. I cut the sails to the size and shape that is needed for the model, I make the curl girdles with a thin strip of cloth that sticks in its position on the sails. If the sail has reinforcements in the corners, I hit them before the hems. With strips of fabric of a minimum thickness I make the hems, which then stick on the edges of the trimmed sail (on both sides). I glue a thread on the contour of the sail to make the bowline, leaving a loop in the corners to make the clue ropes. Finally, I put the curls in the number and position required in the corresponding positions of the curl girdles.
  9. The martigana (or marticana, martingana, etc.) was, in the times of the sail, a common vessel and quite widespread in the waters of the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic, although today its name has been almost completely forgotten. This denomination appears only from the second half of the 1700s and only a few decades ago some of them were still seen sailing through Tuscany, and even today a couple of them have been photographed afloat in Sicilian waters. This vessel was used for the transport of goods, even over long distances. The martigana of s.XIX, which is the one that reproduces the model, was a boat with a bow of very pronounced curvature that ended in a spur of the type used in the galleys, with the wedge stern and the rather rounded master frame. In fact, the martigana was, as far as the hull is concerned, quite similar to the tartana, differing from it basically in the sailplan, which was in those of square sails in the main mast and not with the lateen rig that carried the latter . It seems that the origin of this vessel is in Provence, in the village of Martigues, located west of Marseille, on the southern shore of the great Barre lagoon, along the narrow channel that joins the lagoon with the sea, which It was famous as one of the places in the Mediterranean where the best tartanas were built, so that the term martigana was originally an adjective: "martigana tartana" or of Martigues.

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