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How to attach deadeyes to channels in the 16th century?

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For my Pelican project I have reached the stage where the deadeyes are attached to the channels.

My problem is now how to attach these deadeyes to the channels.

Judging by various drawings these are not attached at all (see drawing)


I think the masts will probably have to be placed first and then the chain, the 2 deadeyes and the schroud.
A complicated method. Anyone have any suggestions how I do this best?





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On 7/7/2020 at 12:41 PM, druxey said:

The channels simply space the shroud out away from the ship's side. The strap or chain only attaches to the ship's side on the channel wale below. Usually there was a groove in the edge of the channel to prevent sideways movement.


19 hours ago, mtaylor said:

With the strap/chains in the notch, a small dab of CA or epoxy will hold them in place.  Note that some vessels also had a thin wood strip on the edge to keep the strap/chains in place in addition to the notch.


Thanks for the advice.

I think this will be the solution to my problem :

There must indeed be grooves in the channels. So that the schrouds cannot move.


The thin wood strip will be applied temporarily. This way the deeadeyes stay in place during installation
This strip will then be removed later when the shrouds are completely ready

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There is no need to remove the strip from the channel once the deadeyes are installed.  Below are contemporary models from the 17th and 18th centuries, all of which have the molding across the edge of the channel.   I do not believe these were ever removed once in place unless a deadeye or the strip itself had to be replaced.





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My apologies, I was not thinking that far back. 17th century is as far back as I had photos of models so at a loss regarding 16th century.   Looking at modern models including the following built by James Lees and Philip Wride in 1988 of a galleon of circa 1588  it SEEMS to not have battens, at least for the foremast.  I could not find a higher res photo so not 100% sure on this model.  The following contemporary drawing   appears to be without the batten as well.  





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Setting aside the reliability of a particular contemporary artist as to detail,  I vote that there were two "rules".


1.  The chains or straps holding the deadeye would continue the exact line/ angle of the shroud it anchors.  ( So the mast first and then, if not the shroud, then a stand in for it to determine the angle. )  ( Wait a tick!  Altering the rake of the mast by a new captain must have fudged that rule. )


2.  If there was any danger of a shroud chaffing against the side of the ship,  there would have been a channel.   ( Ignoring the unnecessary ware on the shroud if there was chaffing, I just was imagining the resulting horror, if a crewman had a limb get between a too close shroud and the side of the ship when wind and sea conditions were violently active. ) 


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The width of the channels and the exact position of the deadeyes - schrouds has already been tested. That's not going to be the problem anymore.




For now I make the deadeyes first. Then probably the masts. The chains holding the deadeyes will all have different lengths.
Will be fun ;)


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