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timboat

location of stud sails (stuns'l) when stowed

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Where would the stuns'ls be stowed on a 6th rate man o war from the early 18th century?  I would also assume this includes the yard as the sails would be kept bent to them.  I'm going to guess the lower sails were secured somewhere near the fore and main channels along with the stuns'ls lower booms and the upper stuns'ls were secured somewhere on deck or maybe even secured on the fore and main course yards.

 

This is for my 3d ship I'm currently working on...

 

arma3%202016-12-08%2021-21-21-62.png

Edited by timboat

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I believe the booms/stunsail yards would have been left fixed to the yards, for the most part.  I have seen some plans where the yards were raised with the sails, however.   Sails probably would have been stored in the sail locker after being dried as they were only used in light airs.  The locker would keep them out of the weather.

 

If the booms came down, then probably either stowed with spare masts or in the hold.  

 

The issues for sorting this out would be time period, country, and ship design/build. 

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So do you think they unbent the sails from the stunsls yards and stowed them below?  I can see the lower stunsls sails being stowed somewhere else than the lower booms since they're so close to the water, but do you think it's probable that some would leave the stunsls topsails bent to the yard, furled them and secured them to the course yards?

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Good questions for which I have no hard, fast answers.   I do think the sails would have been unbent so the yards could either be retracted or lowered, though.  I do believe the sails were stowed separately, however.

 

I hope someone with more knowledge jumps in.  

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Looking through my library, the sails had their own little yard to which they were set, and which assembly was hoisted to the booms/yards that were kept retracted on the yards.  The booms were got out into position, then the sails/jack yards were hoisted into position and set above and below.  The lower yards pivoted out from the channels and were guyed into position.  There is a lot of loose gear floating around until everything is in position and belayed, but these weren't set except in fairly benign conditions.

There were of course probably many variations.

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Hey guys, thanks for all of the input.  I really appreciate ya'll knowledge.  I've learned quite a bit.  I'm afraid though I didn't do a good job asking my question.  To rephrase, where were the sails for the top and lower stunsl's stowed when not in use?  Were they kept bent to the yards?

 

I'm getting the impression the sails were unbent from the yards and stowed down below and the yards were secured to their respective boom.  In the event they wish to set the stunsl's, they brought the sails up to the deck and brought down the yards to bend them accordingly, then hauled them up.

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From what I am seeing on the first reference Mark has on his list, the stun sails were never bent onto the yard stun sail extensions, they were bent onto their own short yard which was hauled up to the stun sail yard extensions with two lines through blocks and hung a little lower than the yards. I wound expect to see a dedicated block on the end of the yard and another at the end of the extension and used to hoist the surn sails into position, each with their own light free hanging yard. Storage, I would expect that after drying, the stun sails were wrapped around their own yard, secured into the wrapped configuration and struck below as a unit.

jud

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Yes, Jud.  The stuns'ls were bent to their own little yard with which they were hoisted as a bundle into position to be spread by assorted tackle.  No doubt they were stowed below somewhere when not needed.

Lever and Harland have some good illustrations showing the process.

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On the Connie the lower stunsail booms were attached to a hinge/pivot point on the forward end of the Channels. There were two per side on my plans. I believe these booms were also used in handling boats.

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The attached from Lever (1853) and Biddlecombe (1848) may be of some use for you.  Based on what I have seen, studding sails would be kept below deck in the sail locker and brought out when needed - much like many of the stay sails &c. which were only bent when needed. 

 

Lever, Darcy. 1853. The Young Sea Officer’s Sheet Anchor; Or, A Key to the Leading of Rigging, and to Practical Seamanship (American Edition). E. & G.W. Blunt. https://books.google.com/books?id=HmJJAAAAYAAJ.

 

Pages from 1853 The_Young_Sea_Officer_s_Sheet_Anchor_LEVER.pdf

 

Biddlecombe, George. 1848. The Art of Rigging. http://books.google.com/books?id=9RkEAAAAQAAJ.

 

Pages from 1848 The_art_of_rigging_Biddlecombe.pdf

 

post-18-0-92862700-1482778159.jpg

 

post-18-0-59850000-1482778161_thumb.jpg

 

 

Also, the following from Steel, David. 1796. The Art of Rigging. David Steel. https://books.google.com/books?id=slnnnAEACAAJ&hl=en.

 

Pages from 1796 TheArtofRigging_Steel.pdf

 

post-18-0-93632100-1482778194_thumb.jpg

 

Plate II from 1796 TheArtofRigging_Steel.pdf

 

Edited by trippwj

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A couple of more describing setting the studding sails.

 

From Bushell, Charles. 1856. The Rigger’s Guide. http://archive.org/details/bub_gb_FF8BAAAAQAAJ.

 

Pages from 1856 The_Rigger_s_Guide_and_Seaman_s_Assistant_Bushell.pdf

 

Also, Martelli, Charles. 1838. The Naval Officer’s Guide for Preparing Ships for Sea ... Second Edition. Richard Bentley. https://books.google.com/books?id=0LJWAAAAcAAJ.

 

Pages from 1838 The_naval_officer_s_guide_for_preparing_martelli.pdf

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Thanks so much for the information.  I especially like the old books.  So much knowledge and history.

 

So it seems there is a general agreement the stunsl sails were kept bent to their respective yards and stored below, probably in the sail room.  Awesome, this is what I needed to know.

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Anderson is still copyright protected with no "legal" pdf versions found. It can be purchased from Amazon and others either as a print or ereader version quite inexpensively. Also look into the original version The Rigging of Ships: in the Days of the Spritsail Topmast, 1600-1720

 

Could you describe the 1719 document better (or is that a time frame of interest?) I have a few that give some information around that time frame, but none specific to the 1719 Establishment (which, as I recall, just dealt with the desired principle dimensions).

Edited by trippwj
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Hi Timboat,

 

Andersons' 17th Century Rigging is IMO somewhat better than his Rigging of Ships in the days of the Spritsail Topmast. Larger line drawings and a foldout rigging plan of the St George 96 guns of 1701.

 

Lees' Masting and Rigging of English Ships of War has a belaying plan for a 20 gun ship of circa 1719 in section 4. Also has 2 pages of text appertaining to this plan.

 

 

May be of some help to you.

 

Dave  :dancetl6:

Edited by davyboy
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I got Lees' Masting and Rigging of English Ships of War which is $70 well spent.  But it brings me back to a concept I just can understand.

 

I'm rigging my 3d model ship and it seems regardless of how hard I try or any book I can find some lines rub up against the wood inside of lubber's hole of the fighting platform.  It also tangles inside of the shrouds.  Was it ok if the lines rub up against wood as long as it was at a shallow angle?

 

lines%20on%20wood.jpg

 

Also would there have been a piece of wood like a bee block or something that the lines rubbed on inside of the shrouds?

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There was sometimes a thimble lashed to a shroud, a fairlead as it were.

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Wayne, in  your image above, I notice that the lower stuns'ls are hoisted to the end of the Stuns'l boom while the topmast stuns'ls are hoisted to the ends of the yards. Does anyone know why this is? I'd expect that hoisting them all out to the ends of the booms would provide space for a wider sail so more sail area. The drawback would be the stresses on the boom of course.... 

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