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popeye2sea

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  1. HMS Victory (104) First rate ship of the line: The 104 refers to the number of guns she was rated to carry. This was the number of guns she was designed for. Ships often carried more. For example, Constitution was rated as a 44 but during the war of 1812 she carried 52 guns. The rating system was a way to further classify ships: First rate = 90 to 100+ guns on three main battery decks Second rate = 80 to 90 guns on three main battery decks Third rate = 60 to 80 guns on two main battery decks Fourth rate = 40 to 60 guns with one main battery deck Fifth rate = up to 40 guns on one main battery deck * numbers are approximate The first, second, and third rates made up the line of battle. The fourth and fifth rates are frigates. Anything smaller or un-rated went by various names such as sloop of war, etc. Incidentally, the rating system as originally conceived had nothing to do with armament. It was set up by the victualling board to budget and supply ships based on the number of crew members required per a vessels size. Regards,
  2. I am not very familiar with the cutter rig. Is it normal to have a cross jack yard and an additional lower "spread yard" set at the same time? Seems like an error there. Wouldn't the lower sail be blanketing the wind from the topsail? Regards,
  3. Other than the minimum required ballast that would not be removed. The cargo itself becomes the ballast. You can look at the ship during or after the ship is loaded to see what her draft and trim is. A ship would normally be trimmed so that she was a little heavier aft. If more ballast is necessary after the ship is loaded you could always add some and/or shift cargo around to provide the proper trim. When the cargo was off loaded the ship would take on a new cargo (hence, not much change to ballast requirements) or if returning empty (this was called sailing in ballast) additional ballast my be loaded to stabilize the vessel.
  4. Knot is a rather generic term. In reality very few actual knots are employed in rigging a ship. The most common knot being the reef knot: the name tells you its usage. Knots were also used to create a knob on the end of a line: Matthew Walkers knot and the Wall and Crown knot for lanyards, man ropes and tack lines, etc. Most rigging was accomplished with hitches, bends, splices, seizings, and lashings. All of which can be used to advantage in models. Regards,
  5. Basically , any yard that has to traverse up and down its mast requires a parrel or truss parrel arrangement to facilitate the movement. When the main and fore yards were no longer lowered for reefing sails they no longer required parrels and a truss was substituted making them essentially fixed in position (other than bracing round). The crojack yard on the mizzens only function is to spread the foot of the mizzen top sail so it too does not require a parrel. Occasionally, an upper sail: royals, skysails, moonrakers, etc., was set 'flying'. Meaning it was hoisted aloft by its halyard from the deck without parrels, trusses or lifts. Regards,
  6. In the History Buffs video it mentions that HMS Surprise was sent after USS Norfolk in the Pacific. This is incorrect. The ship that Surprise was sent after was the USS Essex, Captain David Porter commanding. If you ever want to read about that fascinating voyage check out the book by Robert Booth, Mad for Glory- A Heart of Darkness in the War of 1812. Regards,
  7. Not sure what you mean by reef line. Are you referring to reef points or a reef tackle? Also to my knowledge Constitution does not set a crossjack or mizzen course. The sole purpose of the crossjack yard is to spread the foot of the mizzen topsail. Regards,
  8. Nice work on the carriages. I particularly like the way you did the carriage bolts. Much less time consuming and fiddly than the way I did mine. Wish I had thought of that. IMO the molded notches for the trunnions sit a bit too high and the pegs/pins for the attachment points for the cap squares are too large. The cap squares are the the parts that hold the gun barrel to the carriage. They fit over the trunnions. One end hinges on one of the pegs the other is fastened with a through pin. Regards,
  9. This would also only be possible if the port was fitted with a port scuttle
  10. Great information! Though I am not convinced about the gun port being closed after each shot. The port would have had to stay open to allow for the rammer, swab, and worm to be able to be inserted into the muzzle for loading the next round. Regards,
  11. From what I have been able to find, looking in the Royal Navel Handbook of Field Training 1926, the MK II Carriage Land Service was used for the MK I Howitzer. However, that is a 6 inch diameter shell so they would not be fitting into those holes Regards
  12. Modern signal flags are made with a ring spliced into the top of the tack line, which runs through the tabling on the hoist of the flag and extends beyond the bottom of the flag, and a snap hook spliced into the bottom of the line. The snap hook also has a hole with a sharpened edge that takes the marline that can be used to make up the flag for breaking after running it aloft in a rolled bundle. If you look closely in the WWII flag bags (still used today) you will see that the flags are held in racks of "fingers" that have slots to hold the rings and snap hooks of the flags vertically. Each set of fingers holds two of the same flag. The flags are arranged in the flag bag grouped together by type and alphanumerically (letters, numeral flags, numeral pennants, special pennants, substitutes). In operation you have a flag bag operator and a man on the halyard uphaul. The halyard uphaul has a snap hook spliced in the end. The flag bag operator snaps the hook on to the first flag of the hoist and the up haul is hauled pulling the ring out of the fingers. While the flag is coming out of the bag the flag bag operator is snapping the hook from the first flag onto the ring of the second flag. This continues until the hoist is complete. The last flags snap hook is then hooked into the halyard downhaul and the hoist is the raised to the required height (at the dip which is halfway up, or close up which is fully raised to the yard arm). Depending on the ship you can fit a half dozen flags or more in a single hoist. Additional halyards are employed until the signal is complete. Signals are hoisted from outboard in. A well trained signal crew can raise a hoist of flags in seconds from receiving the coded signal. Regards, a USN Signalman
  13. Just a thought along the lines of mooring lines. You will find that ships, especially ones with high freeboard, place mooring line chocks on the hull closer to the water line. Sometimes they are set into the hull, other times they are mounted in a sort of blister. Perhaps? Henry

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