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popeye2sea

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  1. Cool Tool Box

    Looks like the additional demand has driven the price up to $26.49 each.
  2. "Made Mast" Diameter

    Most of the references I have read give the max diameter as being at or near the deck level. The mast tapers above and below this point. If that is so then the diameter would not include the fish plates or other filler pieces. Regards,
  3. The standing (non pulling) end of the boom topping lift is seized to the becket (bottom loop of the strop) of its block. The standing end of the gaff throat halliard is seized to its becket in the same way. It is unclear in your rigging diagram, but the standing end of the gaff peak halliard could be seized around the mast head just below its blocks. Regards,
  4. General guide to how rigging works.

    You should start by picking up a book on the subject of rigging period ships. There are many and most are quite good at explaining the basics of rigging. Here are some generalities: The motive power of the ship is via sails which are laced to poles called yards that are held aloft on poles called masts. In order to add more sails additional sections of masts are erected above one another (topmast, topgallant, royal). You need some way of holding the masts in their near vertical orientation and that is accomplished via the standing rigging. At or near the top of each mast section you will find a cluster of standing rigging that will be working in opposition to each other. The stays lead forward and hold the mast from shifting aft while the shrouds and backstays lead aft and to the side to hold the mast from shifting forward and sideways. At the bow of the ship is the bowsprit, which works the same way as a mast. It has additional sections called the jib boom and flying jib boom. The rigging for these mimics the masts with bobstays keeping the bowsprit from shifting upwards and shrouds preventing sideways movement. The rigging of the yards and sails is called the running rigging. The position of the yards and their orientation to the wind are controlled by the following lines: Halyard: raises or lowers the yard into position for setting sail or reefing sail Jeers: same function as halyards but in different time period. Lifts: controls the vertical orientation of the extreme ends of the yard (yard arms)and helps support them. Braces: controls the horizontal orientation of the yards for trimming the sails for any given wind direction. For fore and aft sails the yards are known as the boom at the bottom of the sail and the gaff at the top of the sail. These spars have rigging that works the same way with topping lifts and braces (vangs). The sails are controlled by the following lines: Sheet: hauls the lower corner of a sail down or aft. In the case of a fore and aft sail it performs the same function on the lower aft corner of the sail. Tack: confines the lower corner of a sail down and forward. In fore and aft sails it works on the lower fore corner of the sail. Note that the upper square sails do not require a tack because the sheet functions to confine the lower corner of the sail to the yard below. Clew line: hauls the lower corner of the sail up towards the middle of the yard for furling. Bunt line: hauls the lower edge of the sail up to the yard for furling Leech line: hauls the sides of the sail up to the yard for furling. Fore and aft sails will also have a halyard to extend the upper corner of the sail along the stay or gaff I hope this helps a bit. Please remember that this is only a general description and your ship may have variations specific to it. Regards,
  5. Why no hoops on upper masts?

    The same was true of the lower yards. Although in the case of the yards there were additional reasons due to the large stresses placed on them. Again, the upper yards (topgallants and royals) were able to be single pieces due to their carrying less of a load and small enough to be made of a single tree.
  6. Why no hoops on upper masts?

    For the upper masts, being generally smaller, trees were still available of a suitable size to make a pole mast (not sectioned). Much of the forests in Europe had been over harvested to the point that trees of the size necessary to make the large lower masts were no longer available so shipwrights resorted to what were called 'made masts' which were constructed from four to eight lengths of wood held together by iron hoops or rope wooldings. Regards,
  7. Split Brass Ring Frustrations

    Some lines are larger than would fit through a standard eye bolt. A ring bolt comes in handy for those.
  8. Split Brass Ring Frustrations

    Another trick to remember is to never open the ring by pulling the ends directly apart (in line with the ring). This deforms the ring out of round and it is hard to get the two ends to meet properly again when closed. Instead twist the ring open by spreading the ends perpendicular to the ring. When you close the ring back up the ends will be perfectly aligned and the ring will remain round. Regards,
  9. I think you are right. You can just make out the hull number (D 550) in red paint on the hull beneath the missile launcher. Here is another photo of the Ardito (D 550) and the Audace (D 551) in La Spezia
  10. Thimble vs Bullseye

    I think there may also be a difference in usage. For example: thimbles are stropped into the eye of a block in order to take a hook. A bullseye acts a sort of fairlead for rigging, or it can also be used like a heart. Regards,
  11. Visit to UK and resulting question

    It's called a kevel. It is used to belay heavier lines such as the tacks and sheets for the lower sails and the braces for the lower yards. Also spelled kevil, derived from the Latin clavicula from which we get the word clavicle; the bone that it is shaped like.
  12. In haul tackles were used for these guns. Regards,
  13. Here are some illustrations that may help a bit. The first shows an overview of the tie and halliard set up and the rest show some details. The lead of the tie over the cap, as in figure 150 was an early method used by the French and Dutch up to about 1700. Figure 153 shows a later variant where the tie leads through blocks hanging from the cap on pendants. The pendants hang inside the stay but outside the trestle trees. The English sometimes employed another variant with the ties leading through sheaves in the hounds. The tie starts secured near the middle of the yard as in figure 152 leads up over the cap, or through the tie block, down abaft the mast through a sheave or hole in the top of the rams head block (shown in figure 155) and back up on the other side of the mast where it passes over the cap and secures to the yard in the same manner as before. The halliard is reeved between the knight and the rams head block as in Figure 155. The tie should be about the thickness of the shrouds with the halliard about 2/3 of the tie.
  14. As Dave has said it is a knight. And it typically has three or four sheaves let into it. The fourth or extra sheave not used for the halyard was for the top rope, which was used to raise the top masts into position. You will notice that the knight is offset from the center line of the mast. This is to insure that the main stay does not foul the halyard tackle. The halyard starts at a ring bolt set into the side of the knight, runs through the sheaves of the rams head block and the knight and then belays around the head of the knight. Regards,
  15. Flag protocol

    It is not wrong. The ship is just equipped differently. She has a flagstaff on the tafferail. The general rule is the ships National Ensign will be flown aft of all the others. Specific locations of flags are determined by the configuration of the rig. And the protocol for a single masted vessel will necessarily be different from a three masted ship. Naval vessels flag protocols can get pretty complicated with respect to locations of host nation, command and visiting dignitary flags. You have to consult the publications to determine whose flag takes precedence in order to determine where to fly it. Regards,
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