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HMS Winchelsea - 1764 - by Chuck (1/4" scale)

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There is a lot to learn from following along that I will apply to Cheerful.  I'm also looking to see where you go next and at least for me I'm glad you're thinking smaller.  The Winnie is beautiful and amazing but just way bigger than I'm interested in doing, or for that matter have a place to display. 


Nonetheless the craftsmanship and design is incredible as is the work and other logs that are following along.


I like the figurine. Not a period sailor but, I'm assuming, a likeness of you just strolling around looking at the work as it progresses.  That's just too funny. (and if I have that all wrong, it would still be a fun thought).

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3 hours ago, Chuck said:

Thanks....indeed it holds a close resemblance.   I am sad to say.    LOL.  It freaks out my kids when they see it.

🤣 I thought that was something that was custom made for you and I was going to ask where you were able to have it made like that. I would love one of me standing on the decks of my builds...or maybe a likeness of myself about 35 years ago or more!

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Funny...I will add one.  Its my last vise.  I cant seem to quit.


Yes, she will have guns.   Prototype below.  But with the carriages painted red.   


I havent decided on how many yet.   She was supposedly launched with 26 twelve pounders and 6 six pounders.   But my research indicates that during the revolution she carried 24 twelve pounders and 8 six pounders.   


I am leaning towards the later because that is the time period I am building.  It also allows me to show the last gunport closed which I prefer and also having 6 quarter deck guns and 2 f'castle guns.

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Capstan experiment one.  I got bored and burnt out making inventory items.  So I decided to test out my parts for making the lower capstan.  I have had the parts laser cut for a while.


I didnt take any construction photos as this was just a test but keep in mind this is way before we will actually need it.  I am always just a little ahead with the design stuff.   So I will make another and document each step.   I want to make the center spindle a bit heavier that goes between decks above the capstan drum.   So I will tweak that before I make a new one.


But what I wanted to show you guys is how I did it.  I tried a new design for fitting the chocks into the whelps.



Below you can see my very first proof of concept testing to see if I could laser etch notches on both sides of the whelps.  It worked beautifully.  So all you need to do is slide the chocks in after test their fit.   This was a challenge even at this scale because these parts are still pretty tiny.




The other parts including the capstan drum are all built as usual in layers on a 1/16" x 1/16" stick to register them.  Very similar to the way I designed the stern lantern mini-kit for the winnie.


This was a fun mini kit to build and will look great painted or left natural.  I will detail its construction in Chapter 5.....sorry to jump the gun.  I couldnt help myself.  These will be made available as stand alone mini kits in 1/4" scale and 3/16" scale as well.







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   Im just back from a long hiatus from building.  I am finishing up a build of Constitution and am hoping that the timing may be good with a new group build here.  Is this group build still open to new people:?



Frank B. 

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  • 1 month later...
1 hour ago, Chuck said:

very slow....with all the work on MSW being done while trying to catch up with my rope and block inventory, I havent worked on the Winnie in several weeks.  I hope to resume shortly....😀

Chuck: Great news! Im hoping to get at that project soon. Just getting to rig sails on the Agamemnon so the completion of my existing project is in sight.. Cant wait.. 🙂

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  • 4 weeks later...

Sorry for the delay since the last update.  You guys have been buying huge amounts of blocks and rope.



Planking the deck.....


First after making all of the coamings, gratings, stove platform and mast partners, they were all glued into position down the center line of the deck.  Once placed in position, I immediately added a single deck plank (1/4" wide and 3/64" thick) down the center line between the coamings and partners.   Do this very carefully, trying to line it up consistently down the center.  You will be lining off the deck on either side and you want to make sure everything comes out even on both sides of the deck.  In the photo below you can see the strip down the center.  Also note how I decided to paint the frame of the stove platform black to simulate an iron frame instead of a natural wood frame.


You will notice that there are laser etched reference lines that break up the deck into belts just like our hull planking.  There is the center belt of seven planks.....three more on each side of this center plank we added.   Then there are two more belts on either side of this center belt.   They are separated by the etched lines which you will use for reference when lining it off.  There are also etched lines that run across the deck which indicate where the beams would be and will help you locate the butt joints for the deck planking.  NO LASER ETCHED FULL DECK ON THIS MODEL.   We will learn how to properly line off the deck so you can do this on any model you build.


Note in the photo below the small square forward of the mizzen mast.  It has what looks like little sheaves in it.  Those arent sheaves at all.  They are actually slots which are used for the tiller rope that runs around the drum of the ships wheel and down to the tiller.  We will be simulating the rope running below the gun deck and up to the wheels drum later.   This is glued down the center line as well and you will plank the deck carefull around it.


Now for this era the deck planking wasnt just straight down the deck fore and aft.  It was elegantly curved and tapered at the bow and stern.   This is a common mistake seen in many kits.   See the contemporary model below.  I havent given the planks as drastic a curve and I am being a bit conservative with it.  Although you can see just the forecastle planking its the same curvature.



In order to create a plan we have to line off the hull to find out how much taper is needed for the planks etc.   Just like the outboard hull planking.


We will first just complete that center belt.   This is easy enough.   Take out your planking fans!!!  Cut some tick strips from some paper.  There are three planks on each side of the center strip.  Take a tick strip and hold it against the edge of the center strip.   Then mark the location of the etched line defining this center belt.   Do this in a few places between all the coamings and hatches. 


Then take the strip over to your planking fan and fit that space so three plank widths fill it up as shown below.



Then go back to that spot on your model and transfer those tick strips to the false deck.



Note how the deck planking will be tabbed around the coamings just like around the gun ports on the hull.   Leaving thin wood planks around the hull would be prone to rot and therefor they would use a tab like shown to avoid such thin strips of deck planking.  This is shown on the plans....check them out.


Now its time to plank the first center belt after you finish your tick marks on both sides of the center strip.  Use 1/4" planks and transfer the width you will need to your strips to cut the tapers.....just like you did when planking the hull.  ANY QUESTIONS???









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Hi Chuck, good to see you back 0n Winnie again.

You mention the curve on the forward planking, will this be curved the same way we did the hull planking or will they be laser cut?

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No laser cutting....this is the perfect hull and deck to learn this technique.   You wont really even have to bend them with heat.  But you could if you wanted to....these planks should bend fine when you glue them on as the curve isnt very severe at all.  I was very conservative with it.   I saw how folks had a hard time with the hooked scarphs on the Cheerful so I made it so there were just four of them.   This meant less curve to the deck planks.   


Below you can see that the center belt has been planked.  I simulated the seams with pencil like I did with the hull planking.  There are never any butt joints in this center belt between coamings and partners.  This is yet another common mistake seen on models and kits including on kits that provide laser etched planks.   The distance was short enough that it was always one length used between the hatches and partners.  It was stronger this way.   So no need to follow the butt joint pattern you will be developing when we line off the hull on either side of the center belt.


You will also notice in that picture above and below that on either side of the center belt I have lined off the deck using thin strips of black masking tape.   Looks familiar right?  The thin strips follow tick marks I made for the remaining belts.  I made them the same way as I did for the center belt.  Use your tick strips and planking fan.  Use the laser etched lines that represent the deck beams as you repeat this process until you have tick marks on both sides of the deck for all of the remaining belts.  The tape runs along my tick marks.   You will no doubt have to make adjustments with your tape.  Just run it off the deck and onto the margin planks as shown.


To finish it up.....use a mechanical pencil with a sharp point to run a pencil line down the "good side"  of you tape that follow your tick marks.......then remove your tape.


When you remove the tape it will look like this......you can do this down the entire deck but I often do just the bow area and the stern where there is a taper and we need to create the hooked scarphs along the margin planks.  Do you see where I created the hooked scarph in the outside deck plank????  I just erased some of the line that followed the tape and added a new short line to create the shape.   On this hull there will be just one along the margin plank at the bow and one more aft........by the checkered floor for the great cabin.  In addition you can mark all of the butt joints on the deck using the typical 4 butt shift pattern.   Use the laser etched reference lines for the deck beams for this and examine the plans for their locations.deckplank7.jpg


Now I am ready to plank the remaining two belts on each side of the center belt to finish off the deck planking.  I will taper the planks as need to match my lining off just like we did for our external hull planking.


You will need just 1/4" x 3/64" strips to plank the deck and a handful of wider 5/16" strips for the planks around the coamings where you need to shape them around the tabbed areas.



I feel compelled to mention that you guys could absolutely change the deck planking to a more severe curve at the bow if you want to.  Just adjust the bands before you line off.  

Almost no kits or even most scratch builders fail to curve the deck planks like this.  Its very different than what many of you are probably used to seeing.  So I split the difference between the drastic curve at the bow and straight planking to show a more conservative curve so it wouldnt seem so drastic to all of you.  This is something you guys should play with depending on your preference as the contemporary model for Winnie shows the most severe curve I have ever seen on a deck.   Here is a look at the contemporary model of Minerva in the Rogers collection and it shows about the same amount of curvature that I am using on the Winnie.  Much less than the contemporary model for Winnie.  This also shows two hooked scarphs instead of one.   So you can get creative here.   






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  • 2 weeks later...

Good evening Mr. Passaro, I wanted to ask about the cover that appears on the Wini plan, it is observed that it is interrupted, but I understand that this is not correct, there was no staircase in that place. I have doubts about this information, sir, I hope you can clarifies, thanks.


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Jorge,  the break at the forecastle you see is very much typical and correct.  Later they continued it to the forecastle but early on this was indeed the way it done.  Just have a look at the many contemporary sources available. Too many to list but here are some contemporary examples.




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